Learn More
Abscisic acid (ABA) and jasmonates have been implicated in responses to water deficit and wounding. We compared the molecular and physiological effects of jasmonic acid (JA) (< or = 10 microM), ABA, and salt stress in roots of rice. JA markedly induced a cationic peroxidase, two novel 32- and 28-kD proteins, acidic PR-1 and PR-10 pathogenesis-related(More)
Protein changes induced by salinity stress were investigated in the roots of the salt-sensitive rice cultivar Taichung native 1. We found eight proteins to be induced and obtained partial sequences of one with a molecular mass of 15 kilodaltons and an isoelectric point of 5.5. Using an oligonucleotide probe based on this information, a cDNA clone, salT, was(More)
Pinoresinol-lariciresinol and isoflavone reductase classes are phylogenetically related, as is a third, the so-called "isoflavone reductase homologs." This study establishes the first known catalytic function for the latter, as being able to engender the NADPH-dependent reduction of phenylcoumaran benzylic ethers. Accordingly, all three reductase classes(More)
Lignin is an integral cell wall component of all vascular plants. Peroxidases are widely believed to catalyze the last enzymatic step in the biosynthesis of lignin, the dehydrogenation of the p-coumaryl alcohols. As the first stage in identifying lignin-specific peroxidase isoenzymes, the classical anionic peroxidases found in the xylem of poplar (Populus(More)
S-Adenosyl-L-methionine synthetase (SAM-S) catalyzes the conversion of L-methionine and ATP into S-adenosyl-L-methionine. Tobacco plants that were transformed with a construct allowing high transcription levels of an Arabidopsis sam-s gene could be grouped into two main classes based on their morphology. One class developed yellow-green leaves and had high(More)
The Indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties Pokkali and Nona Bokra are well-known salt tolerance donors in classical breeding. In an attempt to understand the molecular basis of their tolerance, physiological and gene expression studies were initiated. The effect of abscisic acid (ABA) on total proteins in roots from 12-d-old seedlings of Pokkali, Nona(More)
Coomassie blue-stained, heat-dried, and computer-imaged two-dimensional gels used to develop comprehensive human protein data bases served as the protein source to generate partial amino acid sequences. The protein spots were collected from multiple gels, rehydrated, concentrated by stacking into a new gel, electroblotted onto inert membranes, and in(More)
In Arabidopsis, mutation at PFL causes pointed first leaves, reduced fresh weight and growth retardation. We have cloned the wild-type PFL gene by T-DNA tagging, and demonstrate that it complements the mutant phenotype. PFL codes for ribosomal protein S18, based on the high homology with rat S18 and on purification of S18-equivalent peptides from plant(More)
In Cichorium hybrid clone '474' (C. intybus L., var. sativum x C. endivia L., var. latifolia), the direct somatic embryogenesis process in leaf tissues is accompanied by an overall increase in the amount of proteins secreted into the culture medium. Amongst these, three major protein bands of 38 kDa, 32 kDa and 25 kDa were found in the conditioned media.(More)
The biosynthesis of L-ascorbic acid (L-AA) in an Arabidopsis (L.) Heynh. cell suspension culture was studied by quantifying the effects of incubation with a range of potential biosynthetic precursors, analogs, and inhibitors on the intracellular levels of reduced and oxidized forms of L-AA. Our results support the recently published biosynthetic pathway of(More)