G. Barlovatz-Meimon

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Following muscle damage, fast- and slow-contracting fibers regenerate, owing to the activation of their satellite cells. In rats, crush-induced regeneration of extensor digitorum longus (EDL, a fast muscle) and soleus (a slow muscle) present different characteristics, suggesting that intrinsic differences exist among their satellite cells. An in vitro(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system is a dynamic complex in which the membrane receptor uPAR binds uPA that binds the plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 localized in the extracellular matrix, resulting in endocytosis of the whole complex by the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP). High expression of PAI-1 is(More)
Epithelium repair, crucial for restoration of alveolo-capillary barrier integrity, is orchestrated by various cytokines and growth factors. Among them keratinocyte growth factor plays a pivotal role in both cell proliferation and migration. The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system also influences cell migration through proteolysis during epithelial(More)
The molecular determinants underlying the failure of axons to regenerate in the CNS after injury were studied in an in vitro model of astrogliosis and neuronal coculture. Mechanically lesioned neuron-astrocyte mouse cortical cocultures were treated with antisense glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-mRNA in order to inhibit the formation of gliofilaments(More)
In this paper, we present a work which is performed by biologists and computer scientists both. The aim of this work is to evaluate the migratory potential of cancerous cells. Cancer is characterised by primary tumour. When some cells move they create new tumours, which are called metastases. It is very important to understand this migration process in(More)
Cell migration is a complex process involving adhesion, anchorage and de-adhesion. It is also a reliable indicator of the outcome of cancer. Can a migratory cell behavior be reliably associated to a cell morphology? In the favourable case, it could become a visual indicator when coupled with image analyzis. In this work, microscopy images is much use to(More)
Cancer is a complex and dynamic process caused by a cellular dysfunction leading to a whole organ or even organism vital perturbation. To better understand this process, we need to study each one of the levels involved, which allows the scale change, and to integrate this knowledge. A matricellular protein, PAI-1, is able to induce in vitro cell behaviour(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type I (PAI-1) plays a central role in metastatic behavior by increasing cells' migratory capacities as shown in several tumoral cell lines. Moreover, in vivo high expression of this factor helps tumoral growth, both by its role in extracellular matrix remodeling and by favoring angiogenesis. High levels of PAI-1 are(More)
Snail, a family of transcriptional repressors implicated in cell movement, has been correlated with tumour invasion. The Plasminogen Activation (PA) system, including urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), its receptor and its inhibitor, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1(PAI-1), also plays a key role in cancer invasion and metastasis, either through(More)