G. B. Kohlhaw

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Tetrad analysis indicates that α-isopropylmalate synthase activity of yeast is determined by two separate genes, designated LEU4 and LEU5. LEU4 is identified as a structural gene. LEU5 either encodes another α-isopropylmalate synthase activity by itself or provides some function needed for the expression of a second structural gene. The properties of(More)
Tyrosine, added to the growth medium of a strain of Escherichia coli K-12 lacking transaminase B, repressed the tyrosine, phenylalanine, and tryptophan aminotransferase activities while leaving the aspartate aminotransferase activity unchanged. This suggested that the aspartate and the aromatic aminotransferase activities, previously believed to reside in(More)
  • G. B. Kohlhaw
  • Microbiology and molecular biology reviews : MMBR
  • 2003
After exploring evolutionary aspects of branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis, the review focuses on the extended leucine biosynthetic pathway as it operates in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. First, the genes and enzymes specific for the leucine pathway are considered: LEU4 and LEU9 (encoding the alpha-isopropylmalate synthase isoenzymes), LEU1 (isopropylmalate(More)
  • D Wang, F Zheng, S Holmberg, G. B. Kohlhaw
  • The Journal of biological chemistry
  • 1999
Recent work suggests that the masking of the activation domain (AD) of yeast transactivator Leu3p, observed in the absence of the metabolic signal alpha-isopropylmalate, is an intramolecular event. Much of the evidence came from the construction and analysis of a mutant form of Leu3p (Leu3-dd) whose AD is permanently masked (Wang, D., Hu, Y., Zheng, F.,(More)
By using the method of stepwise homogenization of yeast spheroplast lysates employed previously with the leucine biosynthetic enzymes, it is shown that threonine deaminase, acetohydroxy acid synthase, Mg(2+)-dependent isomero-reductase, and dihydroxy acid dehydratase are particulate. Density gradient centrifugation and the behavior of marker enzymes suggest(More)
In the absence of the leucine biosynthetic precursor alpha-isopropylmalate (alpha-IPM), the yeast LEU3 protein (Leu3p) binds DNA and acts as a transcriptional repressor in an in vitro extract. Addition of alpha-IPM resulted in a dramatic increase in Leu3p-dependent transcription. The presence of alpha-IPM was also required for Leu3p to compete effectively(More)
The LEU2 structural gene and its regulatory sequences were isolated on a 2200 bp Xho I-Sal I fragment. Sequencing of the 5'-noncoding region showed that at -151 there is an open reading frame of 23 codons of which six are for leucine. The leucine codon usage in this reading frame follows exactly that of other yeast genes. At the carboxy-terminal end and(More)