G. B. Casella

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Contusion of the spinal cord causes an immediate local loss of neurons and disruption of vasculature; additional loss continues thereafter. To explore the possibility of a causal link between delayed endothelial cell (EC) death and secondary neural cell loss, we evaluated neural and endothelial cell survival, and measured inflammatory cell infiltration, at(More)
Blood vessels identified by laminin staining were studied in uninjured spinal cord and at 2, 4, 7, and 14 days following a moderate contusion (weight drop) injury. At 2 days after injury most blood vessels had been destroyed in the lesion epicenter; neurons and astrocytes were also absent, and few ED1+ cells were seen infiltrating the lesion center. By 4(More)
Methods that facilitate the accurate counting of specific neural cell types would be of substantial value in evaluating the efficacy of treatments applied to spinal cord injury. This report describes reliable procedures for identification of neurons, oligodendrocytes, astrocytes, endothelial cells and inflammatory cells (neutrophils and activated(More)
The use of cellular prostheses containing large populations of Schwann cells (SC) has been proposed as a future therapeutic approach in the repair of neural tissue. We have sought to define an efficient protocol for the harvest and expansion of human SC from mature human peripheral nerve. We evaluated SC proliferation occurring within fresh explants and(More)
Reinnervation is needed to rescue muscle when motoneurons die in disease or injury. Embryonic ventral spinal cord cells transplanted into peripheral nerve reinnervate muscle and reduce atrophy, but low motoneuron survival may limit motor unit formation. We tested whether transplantation of a purified population of embryonic motoneurons into peripheral nerve(More)
Motoneuron death leads to muscle denervation and atrophy. Transplantation of embryonic neurons into peripheral nerves results in reinnervation and provides a strategy to rescue muscles from atrophy independent of neuron replacement in a damaged or diseased spinal cord. But the count of regenerating axons always exceeds the number of motor units in this(More)
Cessation of division is prerequisite for Schwann cell differentiation but regulation of this critical function is poorly understood. Heregulin/forskolin-induced growth of human Schwann cells (HSCs) in vitro was found to be strongly regulated by cell density and thus could model some aspects of negative growth-regulation in vivo. To better understand this(More)
Motoneurons die in diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and after spinal cord trauma, inducing muscle denervation. We tested whether transplantation of embryonic cells with neurotrophic factors into peripheral nerve of adult rats improves muscle reinnervation and motor unit function more than cells alone. One week after sciatic nerve section,(More)
Injury to the adult CNS often involves death of motoneurons, resulting in the paralysis and progressive atrophy of muscle. There is no effective therapy to replace motoneurons in the CNS. Our strategy to replace neurons and to rescue denervated muscles is to transplant dissociated embryonic day 14-15 (E14-15) ventral spinal cord cells into the distal stump(More)
This paper proposes a dynamic approach for price adjustment of computational resources ruled by a Desktop Grid. The adopted strategies are based on the supply and demand law commonly applied in economical markets. Thus, allows one to dynamically set the prices according to the previous requested consumer's services and supplier's submitted resources. The(More)
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