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Catecholamines have been implicated in the etiology and pathophysiology of mood and anxiety disorders. In the present study, we investigated the effects of experimentally reducing catecholamine neurotransmission by means of acute phenylalanine/tyrosine depletion (APTD). Healthy female volunteers ingested: (1) a nutritionally balanced amino acid (AA) mixture(More)
BACKGROUND Recently we reported that, in vervet monkeys, ingestion of an amino acid mixture deficient in the catecholamine precursors, phenylalanine and tyrosine, produced a decrease in alcohol self-administration. We now report the results of a similar study in humans. METHODS Three groups of healthy female social drinkers were administered a(More)
Dysregulation of the stress response system is a potential etiological factor in the development of and relapse to multiple neuropsychiatric disorders. Previously we reported that repeated intermittent d-amphetamine administration can lead to progressively greater dopamine release, thereby providing evidence of drug-induced neurochemical sensitization.(More)
Acute tryptophan depletion (ATD), which is thought to lower serotonin levels, can result in a lowering of mood. In the present study we compared the effect of ATD with acute phenylalanine/tyrosine depletion (APTD) in healthy women. Although considerable evidence relates catecholamines to the regulation of anxiety, there was no difference in anxiety(More)
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