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Voltage recorded from an electrode on the round window (RW) of guinea pig has characteristics that reflect the activity of auditory-nerve fibers in the absence of acoustic stimulation. Fast Fourier transformation (FFT) of the noise recorded from the RW electrode shows a broad spectral peak from 0.8-1.0 kHz. The magnitude of the biological noise is increased(More)
Using intravital microscopy, we observed both decreases in red blood cell velocity and possible vasoconstriction in stria vascularis capillaries of the rat cochlea in response to loud sound (Quirk et al., 1991). However, our observation of vasoconstriction was subject to error in measurements from the two dimensional images obtained with our silicon(More)
A method is described for the measurement of basilar membrane (BM) vibration velocimeter (LDV). The instrumentation was coupled to a compound microscope which served to visualize reflective glass microbeads placed on the BM. The laser beam of the LDV was focused in the microscope object plane and positioned over the reflective bead. We show examples of(More)
Organ blood flow is controlled, in part, by changes in diameter of resistance vessels. In thick tissue, vessels can be imaged with a microscope using contrast-enhancing methods (e.g., fluorescence) and image analysis techniques can be used for quantitative diameter estimations. However, a change in the position of a vessel with respect to the plane of focus(More)
Fluorescence microscopy can be a useful tool in the early detection of pathological changes in the stereocilia of outer hair cells which have undergone acoustic overstimulation. Fluorescent phalloidin, a highly specific F-actin stain, can be used to label F-actin in stereocilia. In this study, phalloidin label is used to determine quantitative changes of(More)
In this study we investigated the autoregulation and hemodynamics of cochlear blood flow (CBF) as measured by laser-Doppler flowmetry. When the anterior inferior cerebellar artery was clamped, CBF decreased approximately 40% (not to "biological zero"), followed by a gradual increase. When the clamp was released, CBF quickly increased to as much as 167% of(More)
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