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The motions, forces, and moments at the major joints of the lower limbs of ten men ascending and descending stairs were analyzed using an optoelectronic system, a force-plate, and electromyography. The mean values for the maximum sagittalplane motions of the hip, knee, and ankle were 42, 88, and 27 degrees, respectively. The mean maximum net(More)
Optimization-based models for prediction of muscle forces in the lumbar region of the torso are used to estimate the forces acting on spinal motion segments, especially for asymmetric tasks. The objectives of this study were to determine (a) which of four torso model formulations best predicted the electromyographic data, (b) the difference in muscular(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the use of a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) in patients with painful osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee would result in alterations in specific biomechanical parameters of gait. METHODS Eighteen patients with symptomatic knee OA and varus knee deformity underwent initial clinical evaluation for pain and activities(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cells from normal rabbit nucleus pulposus (NP) and anulus fibrosus (AF) were cultured in alginate beads for as long as 14 days to allow them to reform a matrix made up of two compartments: the cell-associated matrix (CM) and further removed matrix (FRM). At different time points, the CM and FRM made by each cell population were analyzed using(More)
UNLABELLED We studied the validity of predictions of compressive loads on the lumbar spine and contraction forces in lumbar trunk muscles based on a biomechanical model. The predictions were validated by quantitative measurements of myoelectric activities at twelve locations on the trunk and of the pressure in the third lumbar disc. Twenty-five tasks were(More)
Facet joints provide rigidity to the lumbar motion segment and thus protect the disk, particularly against torsional injury. A surgical procedure that fully or partially removes the facet joints (facetectomy) will decrease the mechanical stiffness of the motion segment, and potentially place the disk at risk of injury. Analytical models can be used to(More)
In a series of 260 fractures of one or both tibial condyles that were treated at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery I, Sahlgren Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden, between 1959 and 1965, the main indication for surgical treatment was clinical evidence of instability of the extended knee joint. Two hundred and four of the patients were followed for 7.3 years and(More)
The mechanics of the lower limb were analyzed in young, adult normal subjects when rising from a seated position. Limb mechanics were described in terms of flexion-extension motion and moments at the hip, knee and ankle while rising from four seat heights corresponding to 65, 80, 100, and 115% of the subject's knee joint height. The results indicate that(More)