G Bérenger

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Intracerebral glucose resonance was directly detected and resolved in vivo by two-dimensional shift-correlated (COSY) 1H NMR spectroscopy in anesthetized rats (n = 4). The relative changes in brain glucose concentration were measured by volume integration of the alpha-D-glucose cross peak in the 2D COSY spectra. This report demonstrates the possibility of(More)
The suitability of two-dimensional (2D) proton spectroscopy for monitoring, in vivo, the changes in levels of brain metabolites induced by cerebral ischemia was investigated in an experimental model of 30-min reversible ischemia induced by four-vessel occlusion in the rat. The resulting data were compared with those obtained by one-dimensional (1D) proton(More)
The cerebral metabolic changes elicited by kainate-induced seizures in the rat were investigated by in vivo combined NMR spectroscopy of 31P and 1H. Systemic injection of kainate induced no significant changes in cerebral ATP or PCr levels during up to 90 min of continuous, generalised seizures, and the cerebral 31P spectra showed only a transient mild(More)
Homonuclear 1H 2D NMR spectroscopy (COSY experiments at 400 and 600 MHz) were used to study the rat brain in vivo and the rabbit spinal cord and sciatic nerve in vitro. The following metabolites were identified: lactate, alanine, threonine, GABA, glutamine/glutamate, N-acetyl aspartate, aspartate, taurine, inositol derivatives, choline derivatives, and(More)
We have previously demonstrated that 2D 1H NMR is suitable for studying cerebral metabolism. The same technique was used to study the hind leg muscle of normal (C57BL10) and dystrophic (mdx) mice. The results were compared to preliminary results for cultured muscle cells to determine the origin of fatty acid signals.
NMR in vivo spectroscopy is one of the few methods available for non-invasive investigations of cerebral metabolism in animals and humans. 31P and 1H spectroscopy are particularly suitable for monitoring the cerebral energy metabolism by determining the cerebral levels of ATP, ADP, phosphocreatine (PCr), inorganic phosphate (Pi), lactate and intracellular(More)
An experimental system was designed to study as independently as possible the effects of various in-vivo or post-mortem factors susceptible to influence muscle metabolism. This system was made up of an NMR probe, a physiological stimulator, a perfusion system and a force monitoring device. Rabbit muscles were isolated and perfused with bovine red cells,(More)
The energy metabolism and the brain intracellular pH regulation under arterial CO2 tensions of 25-90 mm Hg were investigated in unanesthetized spontaneously breathing rats by in vivo phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P NMR). The 31P brain spectra, recorded with a high resolution spectrometer (AM 400 Brucker), allowed repeated(More)
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