G Anglade

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The regulation of ACTH secretion during stress is a multifactorial process that mainly involves two hypothalamic neurohormones: corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) and arginine vasopressin (AVP). In this report we measured, using semiquantitative in situ hybridization, the concentrations of CRF and AVP mRNA in hypophyseotrophic paraventricular(More)
Removal of the olfactory bulbs results in numerous physiological and behavioral changes in rats. The most frequent and characteristic change is an abnormally high level of corticosterone in the blood, possibly due to changes in the activity of the hypothalamic neurons which synthesize corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH). Some of these neurons also(More)
Bilateral olfactory bulbectomy (BOX) has major biochemical and behavioral effects, and is one of the most widely investigated of animal models of depression. We studied the consequences of BOX in male rats, on the organization of endogenous circadian rhythms for ACTH, corticosterone (Cort), motor activity (MA) and body temperature (BT). Mean levels were(More)
In the neonatal rat, the response of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis to stressful stimuli is markedly reduced during the first 2 weeks of life [stress-hyporesponsive period (SHRP)]. In this report, we studied the effect of idazoxan (an alpha 2-adrenergic antagonist) on plasma ACTH and corticosterone levels in 8-day-old rats. Indeed, it is known that(More)
The bilateral olfactory bulbectomy resulted in significantly higher plasma concentration of corticosterone, but not of ACTH in basal conditions and much higher plasma ACTH and corticosterone concentrations after 15 min of immobilization stress than were observed in sham-operated animals. Daily treatment with fluoxetine-a specific serotonin reuptake(More)
Bilateral olfactory bulbectomy (OB) has drastic biochemical and behavioral effects and is often associated with an increase in plasma corticosterone concentrations. This experiment examined the effects of OB on adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and corticosterone release under basal and stress conditions and on proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene expression.(More)
It is known that estrogens modulate the hypothalamopituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis both under resting conditions and during exposure to stress. Nevertheless, the site of action of estrogens is not still fully elucidated. We sought to determine if estrogens could act on the major hypothalamic ACTH secretagogue: corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). Mature rats(More)
ACTH secretion is mainly controlled by two hypothalamic neurohormones: corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and arginine vasopressin (AVP). Both peptides are synthesized in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) (in parvo-cellular neurons for CRH and in magnocellular neurons for most AVP). Under basal conditions, some CRH neurons coexpress AVP(More)
During the stress hyporesponsive period (postnatal days 2-10), the stimulation of corticosterone secretion by ACTH is very low. In our study, we have observed that administration of ACTH during 3 consecutive days is followed by a striking increase in corticosterone response to an acute ACTH test. A comparable potentiation of corticosterone secretion was(More)
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