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Infection with human papillomavirus-16 (HPV-16) is the cause of most anogenital carcinomas. This virus is also detected in about 20% of all head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. While there is strong evidence for a causal etiological role in the case of tonsillar carcinomas, causal association with malignant lesions of the oral cavity is not yet(More)
Promoter methylation is believed to inactivate the expression of hMLH1. This process has been implicated in the tumorigenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the profile of hMLH1 methylation and protein expression in OSCC. The matched case-control study included 50 OSCC cases and 200 controls, with a(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to determine the association of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) in Mexican individuals with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and their association with various risk factors. METHODS We designed a matched case-control study. Cases were individuals with newly diagnosed OSCC, age- and sex-matched with(More)
In developing countries, the variations in the clinical spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related oral lesions over time, and the possible effects of antiretroviral therapy, have not been described. In this study we evaluate the clinical spectrum of oral lesions in a series of HIV-infected patients when first examined at the acquired(More)
Important advances in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) knowledge have been achieved, but KS is still a dilemma. It is an angioproliferative disorder classified as an intermediate neoplasm due to the absence of conventional clinical features of malignancy, but at the moment, it remains unclear if KS could be considered a reactive proliferation of endothelial cells and(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical markers that may predict virological failure during highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have not been evaluated adequately. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related oral lesions as clinical predictors of virological failure in HIV-infected patients receiving HAART.(More)
BACKGROUND Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), an increase in the frequency of human papillomavirus-associated oral lesions (HPV-OL) has been observed. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with HPV-OL in Mexican HIV-infected patients, as well as its genotyping, in the HAART(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus-related oral lesions (HIV-OLs), such as oral candidiasis (OC) and oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL), have been recognized as indicators of immune suppression since the beginning of the global HIV epidemic. The diagnosis and management of HIV disease and spectrum of opportunistic infection has changed over the past 30 years as our(More)
BACKGROUND In Mexico, information on oral and pharyngeal cancer (OPC) is scarce. The purpose of this study was to explore the trends in OPC mortality rates in Mexico from 1979 through 2003 and to describe the distribution of OPC deaths for selected socio-demographic variables for the period of 2001-2003. MATERIAL AND METHODS Annual crude and age-adjusted(More)