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Intracranial electroencephalographic patterns of seizure onset during preoperative assessment with intracerebral and subdural electrodes have been correlated with surgical outcome in 15 patients with partial epilepsy assessed for surgery. The presence and topography of electrodecremental events, high frequency activity, irregular sharp waves intermixed with(More)
Auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) were obtained from 33 schizophrenics, from 16 families multiply affected with schizophrenia, 57 of their non-schizophrenic first-degree relatives and 32 unrelated healthy controls. Transmission of schizophrenia in these families appeared unilinear with one parent only transmitting the disorder. Consequently, we were(More)
Algorithms for low-pass and high-pass three-pole recursive Butterworth filters of a given cut-off frequency have been developed. A band-pass filter can be implemented by sequential application of algorithms for low- and high-pass filters. The algorithms correspond to infinite impulse-response filters that have been designed by applying the bilinear(More)
The hypothesis that focal scalp EEG and MEG interictal epileptiform activity can be modelled by single dipoles or by a limited number of dipoles was examined. The time course and spatial distribution of interictal activity recorded simultaneously by surface electrodes and by electrodes next to mesial temporal structures in 12 patients being assessed for(More)
Although acute electrocorticography (ECoG) is routinely performed during epilepsy surgery there is little evidence that the extent of the discharging regions is a useful guide to tailoring the resection or that the findings are predictive of outcome or pathology. Patterns of discharge propagation have, however, rarely been considered in assessing the ECoG.(More)
OBJECTIVES Some authors have recently stressed that the position of the tip of sphenoidal electrodes plays a crucial role in their efficacy in detecting ictal onset. An opportunity to test this hypothesis is provided by recordings from the most superficial contacts of foramen ovale (FO) electrode bundles because these contacts are located at the FO, in a(More)
PURPOSE EEG recording during sleep is widely used in the assessment of epilepsy, particularly in candidates for surgery, yet the diagnostic value of this procedure is not well established. We evaluated the predictive reliability of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) for localization in presurgical patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) during(More)
We have considered multiple subpial transection (MST) as a treatment option for Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) for the past 6 years. The effect of this technique on language and cognitive ability, behaviour, seizures, and EEG abnormalities is analysed here. Five children (4 males, 1 female; aged 5.5 to 10 years) underwent MST with sufficiently detailed pre-(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in patients with medically and surgically intractable complex partial seizures (CPS). PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixteen patients with previous temporal [15] and frontal [one] resections were treated with VNS between 1994 and 1999 at King's College Hospital, London, UK. Post-operative(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the use of EEG responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS-EEG responses) as a noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of focal epilepsy. METHODS Fifteen patients and 15 healthy subjects were studied. TMS at an intensity set at resting corticomotor threshold were delivered at the standard EEG electrode positions. For each position,(More)