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Rats initiated to self-administer 10% ethanol (v/v) in an operant situation using the sucrose-substitution technique received bilateral n. accumbens or caudate nucleus microinjections of d-amphetamine (4, 10, and 20 micrograms/brain), quinpirole (4 micrograms/brain), and/or raclopride (0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 micrograms/brain). Only microinjections into the n.(More)
Rats were trained on a two lever concurrent schedule of reinforcement (Fixed Ratio 8 Fixed Ratio 8) with ethanol (5% v/v) and water as the two available fluids. After establishing baseline responding patterns, various concentrations of sucrose (0.05% to 5.0% w/v) were substituted for the water in an ascending series. When water was the alternative fluid,(More)
While various methods have been used to initiate ethanol drinking in animals, the development of models in which animals will perform some specific behavior in order to obtain the opportunity to drink ethanol has been fraught with difficulty. In the past several years, new procedures have been developed in which rats, neither food nor fluid deprived, will(More)
Lever responding maintained with ethanol reinforcement at concentrations up to 20% (v/v) was initiated in non-food and -water deprived rats via a sucrose-fading procedure. Home cage two-bottle preference tests between water and 10% ethanol were conducted before (pre) and after (post) the ethanol initiation procedure to determine the effect of initial(More)
Genetic selection of rats can markedly alter their ethanol consumption. The manner in which environmental factors interact in these genetically selected animals to influence ethanol consumption has not been thoroughly investigated. Using the alcohol-nonpreferring (NP) line of rats selectively bred at the Indiana University School of Medicine, alcohol(More)
The partial inverse benzodiazepine agonist RO15-4513 has been found to reverse the sedating and anti-conflict effects of acute ethanol administration. In non-food or fluid-deprived rats, orally self-administering 10% ethanol in an operant situation, RO15-4513 resulted in a dose-dependent suppression on ethanol intake. Doses of 0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg(More)
Rats from the alcohol preferring (P) line developed at Indiana University were initiated to self-administer ethanol orally without food or water restriction using either a sucrose-fading or a secondary-conditioning procedure. Following initiation, they were tested under a variety of operant conditions to examine the ability of ethanol to reinforce lever(More)
It appears clear that ethanol reinforcement, like that of many abused drugs, utilizes the mesolimbic DA pathways. From the data presented on microinjection of DA agonists and antagonists, it would seem that only part of the regulatory process controlling ethanol drinking is directly involved with this pathway. Once drinking has begun, the DA antagonist(More)
The partial inverse benzodiazepine agonist Ro15-4513 has been shown to antagonize many of ethanol's actions, including the reduction of behavior reinforced with ethanol presentation. The studies reported here compared the effects of the Ro compound on sucrose reinforcement alone and concurrently available with ethanol reinforcement. Also, a second inverse(More)
Free-feeding male Long-Evans rats (N = 8) were initiated to self-administer 10% ethanol using a sucrose-fading procedure. Following initiation, they were placed into chambers which allowed for the continuous monitoring of feeding, water drinking and ethanol self-administration. All rats continued to daily self-administer ethanol in the continuous access(More)