G A Schoenenberger

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A peptide which induces slow-wave EEG (sleep) after intraventricular infusion into the brain has been isolated from the extracorporeal dialysate of cerebral venous blood in rabbits submitted to hypnogenic electrical stimulation of the intralaminar thalamic area. It was shown by amino-acid analysis and sequence determination to be(More)
Serotonin N-acetyltransferase, an enzyme of the pineal gland, converts serotonin to N-acetylserotonin. The activity of this enzyme is induced by norepinephrine in the evening to reach high levels during the dark phase. Delta-sleep-inducing peptide, a humoral sleep factor, also seems to affect circadian rhythms. Intravenous injection of this peptide or(More)
The delta sleep-inducing peptide (DSIP) has been shown to induce effects other than only delta sleep. One of these effects was the paradoxical thermoregulatory and locomotor response of rats to amphetamine after DSIP administration. In the present investigation we found similar effects of DSIP on the locomotor activity in mice. However, two different doses(More)
Delta sleep-inducing peptide (DSIP) has been isolated and characterized by its capacity to enhance delta sleep in rabbits. Up to now, sleep was the main target of DSIP research, but different extra-sleep effects of the peptide have been reported as well. Several mechanisms of action have been proposed, though no convincing evidence for any of them has been(More)
The concentrations of delta sleep-inducing peptide (DSIP)-like (DSIP-LI) and P-DSIP-like (phosphorylated, Ser7) immunoreactivity (P-DSIP-LI) were measured by specific radioimmunoassay in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type [SDAT, subdivided into early (S1), middle (S2) and late dementia (S3)], multi-infarct(More)
The biostability of DSIP (delta sleep-inducing peptide) and two analogs in blood was investigated in order to determine if rates of inactivation contribute to variable effects in vivo. Incubation of DSIP in human or rat blood led to release of products having retention times on a gel filtration column equivalent to Trp. Formation of products was dependent(More)
The catalytic activity of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes (LDH) depends on their tetrameric structure. Stabilization of this quaternary structure is achieved by interaction of the N-terminal part of one subunit with the C-terminal region of the other subunit. The N-terminal peptides from pig M-LDH and H-LDH which are responsible for this stabilization were(More)
Delta sleep-inducing peptide has been shown to exert extra-sleep effects as well as effects on sleep. In this study, the concentrations of DSIP-like immunoreactivity were measured by radioimmunoassay in the plasma of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). They were found to be about 25% higher in SHR plasma than in the plasma of the normotensive(More)
The natural occurrence, sleep, and extra-sleep effects of delta sleep-inducing peptide (DSIP) have been shown by different laboratories. However, neither an in vitro assay system nor a probable mechanism of action of the peptide have been conclusively demonstrated so far. The recent finding that DSIP influences the nocturnal rise of N-acetyltransferase(More)
A pharmacological study was carried out of a case of severe insomnia following brain-stem lesions; several polygraphic controls were used. Initially total duration of sleep was brief (less than 4 h) with a high REM/NREM ratio and a short paradoxical sleep (PS) latency. In addition, periodic breathing and tremor were observed. Slow injection of(More)