G. A. Mignery

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Neurotransmitters are released at synapses by the Ca2(+)-regulated exocytosis of synaptic vesicles, which are specialized secretory organelles that store high concentrations of neurotransmitters. The rapid Ca2(+)-triggered fusion of synaptic vesicles is presumably mediated by specific proteins that must interact with Ca2+ and the phospholipid bilayer. We(More)
Calcium ions are released from intracellular stores in response to agonist-stimulated production of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3), a second messenger generated at the cell membrane. Depletion of Ca2+ from internal stores triggers a capacitative influx of extracellular Ca2+ across the plasma membrane. The influx of Ca2+ can be recorded as(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) serves as an intracellular second messenger for several neurotransmitters, hormones and growth factors by initiating calcium release from intracellular stores. A cerebellar Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptor has been characterized biochemically and shown by immunocytochemistry to be present in intracellular membranes in(More)
Patatin is a family of lipid acyl hydrolases that accounts for 30 to 40% of the total soluble protein in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers. To examine the regulation of the patatin genes, we constructed a chimeric gene containing 2.5 kb of 5′ flanking sequence from the class I patatin genomic clone PS20 transcriptionally fused to β-glucuronidase (GUS)(More)
The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) family of Ca2+ release channels is central to intracellular Ca2+ signaling in mammalian cells. The InsP3R channels release Ca2+ from intracellular compartments to generate localized Ca2+ transients that govern a myriad of cellular signaling phenomena (Berridge, 1993. Nature. 361:315-325; Joseph, 1996. Cell(More)
Patatin is a family of glycoproteins that accounts for up to 40% of the total soluble protein in potato tubers. We isolated and characterized 25 patatin genomic clones. All of these exhibit different restriction patterns, but can be divided into two classes based on the presence (class II) or absence (class I) of a 22-bp sequence within the 5'-untranslated(More)
The complete primary structure of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor from rat brain was elucidated using a series of overlapping cDNA clones. Two different sets of clones that either contain or lack a 45-nucleotide sequence in the amino-terminal third of the protein were isolated, suggesting a differential splicing event that results in the(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptors (InsP3Rs) are channels responsible for calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We show that the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 (either wild type or selectively localized to the ER) significantly inhibited InsP3-mediated calcium release and elevation of cytosolic calcium in WEHI7.2 T cells. This(More)
The nature of second messenger-responsive intracellular Ca2+ stores in neurons remains open for discussion. Here, we demonstrate the existence in Purkinje cells (PCs) of endoplastic reticulum (ER) subcompartments characterized by an uneven distribution of three proteins involved in Ca2+ storage and release: the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptor,(More)
Fast two-dimensional confocal microscopy and the Ca(2+) indicator fluo-4 were used to study excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling in cat atrial myocytes which lack transverse tubules and contain both subsarcolemmal junctional (j-SR) and central nonjunctional (nj-SR) sarcoplasmic reticulum. Action potentials elicited by field stimulation induced transient(More)