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Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a lymphokine secreted by monocytes in response to a variety of inflammatory stimuli. IL-1 beta, the predominant form of IL-1 produced by human monocytes, is synthesized as an inactive precursor of 31 kDa and is cleaved at Asp116-Ala117 to yield a 17.5-kDa extracellular form. The exact cellular site of cleavage and mechanism of(More)
IL-1 converting enzyme (ICE) specifically cleaves the human IL-1 beta precursor at two sequence-related sites: Asp27-Gly28 (site 1) and Asp116-Ala117 (site 2). Cleavage at Asp116-Ala117 results in the generation of mature, biologically active IL-1 beta. ICE is unusual in that preferred cleavage at Asp-X bonds (where X is a small hydrophobic residue), has(More)
The development of highly specific antisera to human interleukin 1 (IL-1) has been an elusive goal hampered mainly by the availability of only limited amounts of pure immunogen. To surmount this difficulty, three peptides of the major charged species of IL-1 (pI 6.8) were synthesized and covalently coupled to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). All three(More)
The recent cloning of cDNA for murine (1), human (2-4), and rabbit (5) IL1 molecules has shown that there are two classes of IL-1 known as IL-la and IL1,Q . The cDNAs encode precursor molecules with molecular masses of 33 kD, whereas the mature, biologically active molecules found in culture supernatants have molecular masses of 14-18 kD (6-11) .(More)
Murine interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) convertase (mICE) was identified in cytosolic extracts of peritoneal exudate cells (PECs) and macrophage cell lines. mICE cleaves both the human and mouse IL-1 beta precursors (pIL-1 beta) at sites 1 and 2 but fails to cleave a human pIL-1 beta (Asp116 to Ala) mutant at site 2, indicating that Asp is required to the(More)
Interleukin-1 beta must be processed from its precursor form of 31.5 kDa to its mature form of 17 kDa in order to elaborate its wide array of bioactivities. The recent identification of a monocyte-specific endoprotease, termed interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE), capable of generating authentic, bioactive 17 kDa IL-1 beta suggests that this protease(More)
The AP1 protein, a unique aspermatogenic protein localized in the sperm acrosome, exists as a single polypeptide chain of 136 amino acids, as shown by a single band on gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate and the recovery of the expected 21 to 22 tryptic peptides on peptide mapping. The AP1 protein appears to exist in a compact, highly stable(More)
Typical experimental allergic orchitis (EAO) and aspermatogenesis were successfully transferred to strain 13 guinea pigs with peritoneal exudate and lymph node cells from male and female donor guinea pigs (lacking detectable antibody) previously sensitized with 9 mug of highly purified GP1 glucoprotein isolated from the sperm acrosome. Attempts to transfer(More)
IL-1 is a potent bone resorbing agent. Its mechanism of action is unknown, but the presence of osteoblasts was shown to be necessary for IL-1 stimulation of bone resorption by isolated osteoclasts. This study examines the presence of IL-1R and IL-1 effects in osteoblastic cells from a clonal human osteosarcoma cell line, Saos-2/B-10. We found that the(More)
Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta)-converting enzyme (ICE) is a novel cysteine protease that cleaves the 31-kD inactive cytoplasmic IL-1 beta precursor into active extracellular 17-kD IL-1 beta. The ICE gene product is a 45-kD proenzyme that requires proteolytic processing to activate ICE. Active ICE is a heterodimer consisting of equal amounts of p20 and p10(More)