G. A. Lambert

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OBJECTIVES To review conjectured modes of action of migraine triggers and to present a new hypothesis about them. BACKGROUND Migraine attacks are initiated in many migraineurs by a variety of "triggers," although in some patients no external trigger can be identified. Many triggers provoke attacks with such a short latency that only some kind of neural(More)
We tested the idea that migraine triggers cause cortical activation, which disinhibits craniovascular sensation through the nucleus raphe magnus (NRM) and thus produces the headache of migraine. Stimulation of the dura mater and facial skin activated neurons in the NRM and the trigeminal nucleus. Stimulation of the NRM caused suppression of responses of(More)
In cats anesthetized with alpha-chloralose, autoregulation of blood flow (F) in the middle meningeal and common carotid arteries was assessed by bleeding and subsequently reinfusing the animals to achieve a 25% step reduction in mean arterial blood pressure (P), while maintaining the systolic blood pressure >80 mmHg. The integrity of autoregulation was(More)
The effects of ergot alkaloids on field potentials and unit responses produced in the upper cervical spinal cord by stimulation of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) were examined in 57 anesthetized cats. Electrical stimulation of the SSS produced field potentials and single-unit responses at latencies of 5-20 ms. Field potentials were abolished by section(More)
This report examines the effect of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 receptor antagonist SB-705498 on neurotransmission and inflammation-induced sensitisation in the trigeminovascular sensory system. A single-neuron electrophysiological animal model for neurovascular head pain was used to evaluate dural and facial noxious inputs and the effects(More)
The stereochemical and pharmacological properties of yohimbine and some of its isomers are briefly reviewed. Several pharmacological and physical properties of a selection of the isomers have been determined with a view to elucidating which might be important in the elaboration of the known behavioral effects produced by them. Activity is not dependent upon(More)
The effects of 2 antimigraine drugs sumatriptan and dihydroergotamine on dilatation of the middle meningeal artery elicited by stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion at the entry point of the first and second divisions was investigated in cats. Carotid and middle meningeal arterial blood flows and resistances were measured in 9 cats anesthetised with(More)
Units in the dorsolateral area of the upper cervical cord respond to craniovascular stimulation. This study examined tooth pulp responses in this area in cats. Eleven of 21 units tested in the dorsolateral area had convergent inputs from superior sagittal sinus and tooth pulp; while 10 units had sagittal sinus, but not tooth pulp, input. Mean response(More)
The anatomy of the vertebral nerve was investigated in humans and in monkeys. The effect of stimulation of the vertebral nerve and the cervical sympathetic trunk in the monkey was studied. The vertebral nerves in man and monkey represent a series of deep grey rami communicantes which form intersegmental neural arcades around the vertebral artery between C7(More)