G A Bruschelli

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Using electroencephalographic methods, rats learning or not learning a two-way active avoidance task were found to differ significantly in the structure of sleep determined the day before training. The main differences concerned (i) synchronized sleep episodes followed by wakefulness, which were longer and fewer in learning rats; (ii) paradoxical sleep(More)
Using electroencephalographic methods (EEG), we have analyzed the basal sleep structure and the EEG power spectra of gerbils and rats during periods of wakefulness (W), synchronized sleep (SS) and paradoxical sleep (PS). During the 6 hr light period examined, duration of sleep was similar for rats and gerbils, but gerbils showed fewer PS episodes and a(More)
The involvement of brain heat shock proteins in learning was examined by Western analyses in rats trained for an active avoidance task, and in passive and active controls. Expression of the constitutive hsp73 was intense in brain, liver, and kidney of all rats. Conversely, expression of the inducible hsp72 occurred in the cerebellum of most trained rats,(More)
Chicken embryo fibroblasts and hepatocytes were studied in the presence of catalase and superoxide dismutase in order to establish whether these enzymes had the capacity to favour cell multiplication as previously shown for in vitro tumour ascites cells (ATP C+). The results indicate that, unlike ATP C+ cells, both fibroblasts and hepatocytes are inhibited(More)
The aim of our study was to assess the pattern of copper and zinc-containing superoxide dismutase (Cu, ZnSOD) and manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) activity from embryonic life to senescence in rat brain and liver. The two isoenzymes showed different profiles in the two organs examined. In particular, the cerebral MnSOD activity profile(More)
Rats failing to learn a two-way active avoidance task during the training session were tested for performance the following day. One group of rats maintained its low level of avoidances (non improving or NI rats), while the remaining rats dramatically improved their avoidance score (improving or I rats). EEG recording during the posttrial period(More)
The early effects of 5 or 10 min global cerebral ischemia, sham operation and halothane anesthesia were evaluated in Mongolian gerbils by means of electroencephalography (EEG), neurological examination and passive avoidance training. The “ischemia-sensitive” gerbils (33% and 64% of the 5 and 10 min ischemic groups, respectively) died during carotid ligation(More)
Nine male Wistar rats aged 27 months were trained for a two-way active avoidance task and tested for retention the following day. At variance with young adult rats, most of which succeed in mastering the task, all old rats displayed a large majority of freezing responses throughout the training and the retention sessions, thereby confirming the condition of(More)
Chick embryo hepatocytes were cultured in the presence of benzo(a)pyrene in order to study the effects of this carcinogen on catalase, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activity. The results demonstrate that benzo(a)pyrene is incapable of modifying the activity of these enzymes, even though it is taken up by cultured cells to form(More)