Günther H J Peters

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GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide-1) is an incretin released from intestinal L-cells in response to food intake. Activation of the GLP-1 receptor potentiates the synthesis and release of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells in a glucose-dependent manner. The GLP-1 receptor belongs to class B of the G-protein-coupled receptors, a subfamily characterized by a large(More)
The nucleotide-induced structural rearrangements in ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters, leading to substrate translocation, are largely unknown. We have modeled nucleotide binding and release in the vitamin B(12) importer BtuCD using perturbed elastic network calculations and biased molecular dynamics simulations. Both models predict that nucleotide(More)
It is well established that small sugars exert different types of stabilization of biomembranes both in vivo and in vitro. However, the essential question of whether sugars are bound to or expelled from membrane surfaces, i.e., the sign and size of the free energy of the interaction, remains unresolved, and this prevents a molecular understanding of the(More)
The serotonin transporter (SERT) is one of the neurotransmitter transporters that plays a critical role in the regulation of endogenous amine concentrations and therefore is an important target for therapeutic agents affecting the central nervous system. The recently published, high resolution X-ray structure of the closely related amino acid transporter,(More)
The catalytic activity of protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) is mediated by a cysteine side chain which carries out a nucleophilic attack initiating the phosphate cleavage. Experimentally, it has been observed that the active site cysteine has a remarkably low pKa. In the present study, we have investigated the origin of the low pKa by analyzing the(More)
From molecular dynamics simulations of a dipalmitoyl-phosphatidyl-choline (DPPC) lipid bilayer in the liquid crystalline phase, pressure profiles through the bilayer are calculated by different methods. These profiles allow us to address two central and unresolved problems in pressure profile calculations: The first problem is that the pressure profile is(More)
As an aid to understanding the influence of dynamic fluctuations during esterolytic catalysis, we follow protein flexibility at three different steps along the catalytic pathway from substrate binding to product clearance via a covalently attached inhibitor, which represents a transition-state mimic. We have applied a classical approach, using molecular(More)
Interfacial activation of Rhizomucor miehei lipase is accompanied by a hinge-type motion of a single helix (residues 83-94) that acts as a lid over the active site. Activation of the enzyme involves the displacement of the lid to expose the active site, suggesting that the dynamics of the lid could be of mechanistic and kinetic importance. To investigate(More)
To investigate substrate recruitment and transport across the Escherichia coli Ammonia transporter B (AmtB) protein, we performed molecular dynamics simulations of the AmtB trimer. We have identified residues important in recruitment of ammonium and intraluminal binding sites selective of ammonium, which provide a means of cation selectivity. Our results(More)