Günther F. E. Scherer

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The maintenance of a calcium gradient and vesicle secretion in the apex of pollen tubes is essential for growth. It is shown here that phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and D-myo-inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), together with phosphatidic acid (PA), play a vital role in the regulation of these processes. Changes in the intracellular(More)
The release of fatty acids from membrane glycerolipids has been implicated in a variety of cellular processes, but the enzymes involved and their regulation are poorly understood in plants. One large group of acyl-hydrolyzing enzymes is structurally related to patatins. Patatins are potato tuber proteins with acyl-hydrolyzing activity, and the patatin(More)
In this study, we examined the regulation by putrescine, spermidine and spermine of nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. Using a fluorimetric method employing the cell-impermeable NO-binding dye diaminorhodamine-4M (DAR-4M), we observed that the polyamines (PAs) spermidine and spermine greatly increased NO release in the(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), polyamines (PAs), diamine oxidases (DAO) and polyamine oxidases (PAO) play important roles in wide spectrum of physiological processes such as germination, root development, flowering and senescence and in defence responses against abiotic and biotic stress conditions. This functional overlapping suggests interaction of NO and PA in(More)
Polyamines (PA), polyamine oxidases, copper amine oxidases, and nitric oxide (NO) play important roles in physiology and stress responses in plants. NO biosynthesis as a result of catabolism of PA by polyamine oxidases and copper amine oxidases may explain in part PA-mediated responses. Involvement of a copper amine oxidase gene, COPPER AMINE OXIDASE1(More)
Rapid activation of phospholipase A (PLA) by auxin or plant-pathogen interaction suggests a function in signal transduction for this enzyme, but the molecular identification of a cytosolic PLA carrying out this function remains open. We isolated four cDNA sequences from Arabidopsis (ecotype Columbia), AtPLA I, AtPLA IIA, AtPLA IVA, and AtPLA IVC, which are(More)
Since we are living in the 'age of transcription', awareness of aspects other than transcription in auxin signal transduction seems to have faded. One purpose of this review is to recall these other aspects. The focus will also be on the time scales of auxin responses and their potential or known dependence on either AUXIN BINDING PROTEIN 1 (ABP1) or on(More)
Despite recent progress auxin signal transduction remains largely scetchy and enigmatic. A good body of evidence supports the notion that the ABP1 could be a functional receptor or part of a receptor, respectively, but this is not generally accepted. Evidence for other functional receptors is lacking, as is any clearcut evidence for a function of G(More)
Two modes of endocytosis are known to occur in eucaryotic cells: fluid phase and receptor-mediated endocytosis. Fluid-phase endocytosis in plant cells resembles the retrieval of excess plasma membrane material previously incorporated by exocytosis. Pollen tubes need to carry out strong membrane retrieval due to their fast polar tip growth. Plasma membrane(More)
Phosphatidylcholine, labeled by two fluorescent fatty acids, was fed to cultured plant cells (Petrosilenum crispum, L.; VBI-0, Nicotiana benthiana, L.) and fluorescent diacylglycerol (DAG) was the major metabolite. When a glycoprotein elicitor, derived from Phytophthora sojae, was applied to the parsley cells and the small protein cryptogein from(More)