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A prenatally ascertained case with a de novo small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) derived from chromosome 1 is reported. Due to a fetal heart defect the parents decided in favour of an induced abortion. Postmortem, a molecular cytogenetic study on eleven formalin fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues of the fetus was performed, to further characterize(More)
In recent years, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI)-imaging mass spectrometry has become a mature technology, allowing for reproducible high-resolution measurements to localize proteins and smaller molecules. However, despite this impressive technological advance, only a few papers have been published concerned with computational methods(More)
The p16INK4A (CDKN2A/MTS1) putative tumor suppressor gene encodes a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor which plays an important role in the regulation of the G1/S phase cell cycle checkpoint. A high frequency of various p16 gene alterations were consequently observed in many primary tumors. P16 can be inactivated by different mechanisms: i) homozygous(More)
Telomeres, the extreme ends of chromosomes, play an important role in chromosome structure and function. The shortening of telomeres is one of the supposed mechanisms of cellular aging and death. Because of end replication problems the length of telomeres decreases with every cell cycle. This may lead to chromosome instability and additional genetic(More)
Pheochromocytoma (PCC) in children is rare, genetically not well described, and often related to a poor prognosis. We detected genomic imbalances in all 14 tumors from children analyzed by comparative genomic hybridization. A combinatorial loss of chromatin from 3p and 11p was a common feature in 10 of 14 (72%) patients, which was a result of either a loss(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although colorectal cancer is one of the best characterized tumors with regard to the multistep genetic progression, it remains one of the most frequent and deadly neoplasms in Western countries. This is mainly due to the fact that, up to now, no clinically relevant serum markers could be established in an early routine diagnostic(More)
Telomerase activity and telomere length were analyzed in a total of 59 surgically removed primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The study includes tissue from the centre of the tumor, several different peripheral tumor areas, metastases and secondary tumors. None of the normal renal cortex tissues used as control exhibited telomerase activity. In contrast,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinomas have a poor prognosis because of late clinical manifestation and the tumor's aggressive nature. We used proteomic techniques to search for markers of pancreatic carcinoma. METHODS We performed protein profiling of microdissected cryostat sections of 9 pancreatic adenocarcinomas and 10 healthy pancreatic(More)
On the proteomic level, all tissues, tissue constituents, or even single cells are heterogeneous, but the biological relevance of this cannot be adequately investigated with any currently available technique. The analysis of proteins of small tissue areas by any proteomic approach is limited by the number of required cells. Increasing the number of cells(More)