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Several novel transgenic mouse models expressing different mutant APPs in combination with mutant PS1 have been developed. These models have been analyzed to investigate the formation and progressive alterations of dystrophic neurites (DNs) in relation to Abeta deposits. In the most aggressive model, Abeta deposits appear as early as 2.5 months of age.(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by a substantial degeneration of pyramidal neurons and the appearance of neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Here we present a novel transgenic mouse model, APP(SL)PS1KI that closely mimics the development of AD-related neuropathological features including a significant hippocampal neuronal loss. This(More)
According to the "amyloid hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease," beta-amyloid is the primary driving force in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. Despite the development of many transgenic mouse lines developing abundant beta-amyloid-containing plaques in the brain, the actual link between amyloid plaques and neuron loss has not been clearly established, as(More)
Neuropil deposition of beta-amyloid peptides A beta40 and A beta42 is believed to be the key event in the neurodegenerative processes of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Since A beta seems to carry a transport signal that is required for axonal sorting of its precursor beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP), we studied the intraneuronal staining profile of A beta(More)
Most early-onset cases of familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) are linked to mutations in two related genes, ps1 and ps2. FAD-linked mutant PS1 alters proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein and increases vulnerability to apoptosis induced by various cell stresses. In transfected cell lines, mutations in ps1 decrease the unfolded-protein(More)
Apolipoproteins are protein constituents of plasma lipid transport particles. Human apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV) was expressed in the liver of C57BL/6 mice and mice deficient in apoE, both of which are prone to atherosclerosis, to investigate whether apoA-IV protects against this disease. In transgenic C57BL/6 mice on an atherogenic diet, the serum(More)
FE65 is an adaptor protein that interacts with the cytoplasmic tail of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). In cultured non-neuronal cells, the formation of the FE65-APP complex is a key element for the modulation of APP processing, signalling and beta-amyloid (Abeta) production. The functions of FE65 in vivo, including its role in the metabolism of(More)
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