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The in vivo alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis assay, hereafter the Comet assay, can be used to investigate the genotoxicity of industrial chemicals, biocides, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals. The major advantages of this assay include the relative ease of application to any tissue of interest, the detection of multiple classes of DNA damage and the(More)
Blood samples were taken from three groups of volunteers (30 male smokers, 30 female non-smokers, and 30 school children) and tested for ex vivo susceptibility toward formaldehyde (FA)-induced genotoxicity. Blood samples were exposed to 150 μM FA for 2 h, and the induction of DNA–protein crosslinks (DPX) in leukocytes was measured by a modification of the(More)
Gene expression analysis has been established as a tool for the characterization of genotoxic mechanisms of chemical mutagens. It has been suggested that expression analysis is capable of distinguishing compounds that cause DNA damage from those that interfere with mitotic spindle function. Formaldehyde (FA) is known to be a DNA-reactive substance which(More)
2 About the Scientific Committees Three independent non-food Scientific Committees provide the Commission with the scientific advice it needs when preparing policy and proposals relating to consumer safety, public health and the environment. The Committees also draw the Commission's attention to the new or emerging problems which may pose an actual or(More)
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