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Forty-one volunteers (male non-smokers) were exposed to formaldehyde (FA) vapours for 4 h/day over a period of five working days under strictly controlled conditions. For each exposure day, different exposure concentrations were used in a random order ranging from 0 up to 0.7 p.p.m. At concentrations of 0.3 and 0.4 p.p.m., four peaks of 0.6 or 0.8 p.p.m.(More)
The in vivo alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis assay, hereafter the Comet assay, can be used to investigate the genotoxicity of industrial chemicals, biocides, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals. The major advantages of this assay include the relative ease of application to any tissue of interest, the detection of multiple classes of DNA damage and the(More)
Blood samples were taken from three groups of volunteers (30 male smokers, 30 female non-smokers, and 30 school children) and tested for ex vivo susceptibility toward formaldehyde (FA)-induced genotoxicity. Blood samples were exposed to 150 μM FA for 2 h, and the induction of DNA–protein crosslinks (DPX) in leukocytes was measured by a modification of the(More)
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is successfully used for the treatment of a variety of conditions. However, exposure to high concentrations of oxygen is known to induce damage to cells, possibly due to an increased oxygen radical production. As reactive oxygen species also cause DNA damage, we investigated the DNA-damaging effect of HBO with the alkaline(More)
Enhanced sensitivity to the chromosome-damaging effects of ionizing radiation is a feature of many cancer-predisposing conditions. It has been suggested that women with breast cancer are deficient in the repair of radiation-induced DNA damage. We have now investigated whether mutagen sensitivity is related to mutations in the breast cancer gene BRCA1. We(More)
A recently published human study suggested that exposure to formaldehyde (FA) at the workplace might induce leukemia-specific aneuploidies (monosomy 7 and trisomy 8) in cultured myeloid progenitor cells. Despite its preliminary character, this study was considered by the International Agency for Research on Cancer to be a potential mechanistic explanation(More)
Gene expression analysis has been established as a tool for the characterization of genotoxic mechanisms of chemical mutagens. It has been suggested that expression analysis is capable of distinguishing compounds that cause DNA damage from those that interfere with mitotic spindle function. Formaldehyde (FA) is known to be a DNA-reactive substance which(More)
A replicate evaluation of increased micronucleus (MN) frequencies in peripheral lymphocytes of workers occupationally exposed to formaldehyde (FA) was undertaken to verify the observed effect and to determine scoring variability. May-Grünwald-Giemsa-stained slides were obtained from a previously performed cytokinesis-block micronucleus test (CBMNT) with 56(More)
A single exposure to hyperbaric oxygen (HBO), i.e., pure oxygen breathing at supra-atmospheric pressures, causes oxidative DNA damage in humans in vivo as well as in isolated lymphocytes of human volunteers. These DNA lesions, however, are rapidly repaired, and an adaptive protection is triggered against further oxidative stress caused by HBO exposure.(More)
Formaldehyde (FA) is known to be genotoxic and mutagenic in proliferating mammalian cells in vitro. The present study was performed to further characterize its genotoxic potential in the V79 Chinese hamster cell line. The induction of DNA strand breaks and DNA-protein cross-links (DPXs) was measured by the comet assay in relationship to the induction of(More)