Günter Schöllnhammer

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To explore the involvement of 5-hydroxytryptamine-1A (5-HT1A) receptors in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis regulation, various doses of ipsapirone (IPS), a centrally acting pyrimidinylpiperazine with considerable affinity and selectivity for 5-HT1A recognition sites, were administered to normal subjects. IPS dose-dependently increased plasma ACTH(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess whether acute 5-hydroxytryptamine-1A (5-HT1A)-receptor-mediated corticotropin, cortisol, and temperature responses are maintained after 3 weeks of treatment with controlled-release (CR) ipsapirone and fluoxetine compared with placebo and whether changes are reversible after cessation of treatment. METHODS This was a randomized(More)
The selective 5-HT1A receptor ligand ipsapirone (IPS) induces hypothermia in humans. To explore 5-HT1A receptor-mediated thermoregulation in depression, 24 subjects (12 patients with unipolar depression and 12 individually matched controls) received 0.3 mg/kg IPS or placebo in random order. Compared with controls, the depressed patients exhibited(More)
Clinical studies suggest that 5-HT1A receptor function may be blunted in depression, while 5-HT1A agonists may possess antidepressant activity. Preclinical findings implicate changes in 5-HT1A receptor sensitivity in the mechanism of antidepressant action. The hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in depression could be related to(More)
1. Because the 5-HT1A agonist anxiolytic azapirones have a common alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist metabolite, 1-(2-pyrimidinyl)-piperazine (1PP), we measured central and peripheral alpha 2-adrenoceptor dependent responses before and after intravenous administration of 0.15 mg clonidine when healthy subjects were taking buspirone (30 mg day-1 for 4 days and(More)
Isapirone-HCl (5 mg) was administered orally, rectally and locally, by a remote control drug delivery device (HF-capsule) into different segments of the gastrointestinal tract, to four young healthy male adults. The relative systemic bioavailability of the drug from the colon and rectum was 2-3-fold greater than that from the upper gastrointestinal tract.(More)
The presence of higher (greater than 0.2 M) concentrations of divalent anions A2- (hydrogenphosphate, sulfate) is found to accelerate as well as to change entirely the course of riboflavin photolysis: instead of 10-dealkylation to yield lumichrome, intramolecular addition of the 2'-hydroxyl group is found to occur at the peri-position C(9). The reaction is(More)
Metabolism and pharmacokinetics of [1-(p-chlorobenzoyl)-5-methoxy-2-methylindole-3-acetoxy]-acetic acid (acemetacin, TV 1322, Rantudil) in comparison to equimolar doses of indometacin was investigated in human volunteers after a single oral application and in rheumatic patients after multiple application. After multiple application (t.i.d. for 10 days) of(More)
Pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of benperidol were determined in 13 schizophrenic patients after acute administration of 6 mg benperidol as an intravenous (i.v.) bolus injection, orally as liquid, and orally as tablets using a partially randomized cross-over design. Drug plasma levels were determined by high performance liquid chromatography with(More)