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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are capable of differentiating into bone, fat, cartilage, tendon and other organ progenitor cells. Despite the abundance of MSC within the organism, little is known about their in vivo properties or about their corresponding in vivo niches. We therefore isolated MSC from spongy (cancellous) bone biopsies of healthy adults. When(More)
Using Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) deposited in the data banks, a cDNA has been assembled that encodes a protein related to the hyaluronidases from bee venom and mammalian sperm. Expression of this cDNA yielded a polypeptide termed HYAL2, which is located in lysosomes. The HYAL2 protein was shown to have hyaluronidase activity below pH 4. However, it only(More)
Stem cells are located throughout the adult body of higher organisms, supporting a continuous renewal and repair of tissues. Unique abilities of stem cells are self-renewal and multipotential differentiation. It is, therefore, of critical importance for an organism to maintain and control quantity and quality of stem cells within a given pool. Otherwise,(More)
Bv8, a protein from skin secretions of Bombina variegata, reacts with receptors present in mammalian brain and intestine (Mollay et al. (1999) Eur. J. Pharmacol. 374, 189-196). As deduced from cloned cDNAs, the murine and human Bv8 homologues have identical amino-terminal sequences and also contain 10 cysteines. From mouse testes, two forms of Bv8 mRNA have(More)
The development of age-related proliferative disorders of the prostate gland is supported by transdifferentiation and cellular senescence processes in the stroma. Both processes are involved in remodeling of stromal tissue, as observed in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and in "reactive stroma" adjacent to prostate cancer (PCa). It has been assumed that(More)
Do men die young and sick, or do women live long and healthy? By trying to explain the sexual dimorphism in life expectancy, both biological and environmental aspects are presently being addressed. Besides age-related changes, both the immune and the endocrine system exhibit significant sex-specific differences. This review deals with the aging immune(More)
Aging is a multifactorial process where deterioration of body functions is driven by stochastic damage while counteracted by distinct genetically encoded repair systems. To better understand the genetic component of aging, many studies have addressed the gene and protein expression profiles of various aging model systems engaging different organisms from(More)
Hyal2 is one of several hyaluronidases present in vertebrates. The human gene encoding this enzyme is present on chromosome 3p.21.3, close to two additional hyaluronidase genes. cDNAs encoding Hyal2 homologues have been characterized from mouse and Xenopus laevis. These enzymes hydrolyze high molecular mass hyaluronan to intermediates of approximately 20(More)
To identify new genetic regulators of cellular aging and senescence, we performed genome-wide comparative RNA profiling with selected human cellular model systems, reflecting replicative senescence, stress-induced premature senescence, and distinct other forms of cellular aging. Gene expression profiles were measured, analyzed, and entered into a newly(More)
The localization of hyaluronan has been determined in tailbud stage embryos of Xenopus laevis using a neurocan-alkaline phosphatase fusion protein. This polysaccharide was located between the germ layers and enriched in mesenchyme, the lumen of the neural tube, the embryonic gut, the hepatic cavity and the heart. A full-length cDNA for a hyaluronan(More)