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Aging is a multifactorial process where deterioration of body functions is driven by stochastic damage while counteracted by distinct genetically encoded repair systems. To better understand the genetic component of aging, many studies have addressed the gene and protein expression profiles of various aging model systems engaging different organisms from(More)
Stem cells are located throughout the adult body of higher organisms, supporting a continuous renewal and repair of tissues. Unique abilities of stem cells are self-renewal and multipotential differentiation. It is, therefore, of critical importance for an organism to maintain and control quantity and quality of stem cells within a given pool. Otherwise,(More)
The localization of hyaluronan has been determined in tailbud stage embryos of Xenopus laevis using a neurocan-alkaline phosphatase fusion protein. This polysaccharide was located between the germ layers and enriched in mesenchyme, the lumen of the neural tube, the embryonic gut, the hepatic cavity and the heart. A full-length cDNA for a hyaluronan(More)
To study the regulation and function of the growth-associated protein B-50/growth-associated protein-43 (mol. wt 43,000) in Xenopus laevis, B-50/growth-associated protein-43 complementary DNAs were isolated and characterized. The deduced amino acid sequence revealed potential functional domains of Xenopus B-50/growth-associated protein-43 that may be(More)
A complete cDNA encoding the Xenopus laevis homologue of the aggrecan/versican family member, brevican (Xbcan) was cloned from an embryonic stage 42 cDNA library. In the deduced amino acid sequence, 1152 in length, similarity to the hyaluronan-binding (link) domains of brevicans from other species were present in the N-terminal region as well as EGF-,(More)
We have recently described an IL-2/IL-4-producing CD8+CD25+ non-regulatory memory T cell population that occurs in a subgroup of healthy elderly persons who characteristically still have a good humoral response after vaccination. The present study addresses this specific T cell subset and investigates its origin, clonal composition, Ag specificity, and(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are currently strong candidates for cell-based therapies. They are well known for their differentiation potential and immunoregulatory properties and have been proven to be potentially effective in the treatment of a large variety of diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders. Currently there is no treatment that(More)
The workshop entitled 'Interventions to Slow Aging in Humans: Are We Ready?' was held in Erice, Italy, on October 8-13, 2013, to bring together leading experts in the biology and genetics of aging and obtain a consensus related to the discovery and development of safe interventions to slow aging and increase healthy lifespan in humans. There was consensus(More)
In adults, mesenchymal stromal cells contain tissue-specific multipotent stem cells, MSC, which can be found throughout the body. With advancing age, tight controls of regulatory networks, which guide MSC biology, gradually deteriorate. Aberrations within the MSC microenvironment such as chronic inflammation eventually lead to adverse manifestations, such(More)
Do men die young and sick, or do women live long and healthy? By trying to explain the sexual dimorphism in life expectancy, both biological and environmental aspects are presently being addressed. Besides age-related changes, both the immune and the endocrine system exhibit significant sex-specific differences. This review deals with the aging immune(More)