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AIM This study was designed to evaluate plasma homocysteine levels in noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients (NIDDM) with preproliferative retinopathy and neovascular glaucoma. The experimental goal was to determine the relationship between plasma homocysteine content and the development of microvascular lesions. METHODS Plasma homocysteine(More)
PURPOSE This study was performed to examine the effect of hypercholesterolemia on inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS-2) expression and oxidative tissue injury in an experimental rat model of elevated IOP. METHODS Wistar rats were maintained on either regular chow or a high-cholesterol diet for 24 weeks. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was elevated in(More)
This study was performed to examine inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS-2) expression, nitrotyrosine formation and apoptosis in rats with elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) and/or ocular inflammation. Ocular inflammation was induced via injection of intra-vitreal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) while IOP was elevated by episcleral vessel cauterization. Animals(More)
BACKGROUND The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic keratopathy. The present study was aimed to understand if aminoguanidine (AG), an AGE inhibitor, was protective against the development of corneal complications in a diabetic rat model. METHODS Wistar rats were divided into three(More)
Eicosanoids derived from omega-6 (n6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have proinflammatory functions whereas eicosanoids derived from omega-3 (n3) PUFAs have anti-inflammatory properties. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of insulin analog initiation therapy on n6 and n3 PUFAs in type 2 diabetic patients during early phase. Sixteen type 2(More)
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