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BACKGROUND Therapeutic and prognostic implications of subclinical thyroid dysfunction in patients with heart failure (HF) are unclear. We compared the prognostic impact of euthyroidism, subclinical thyroid dysfunction, and euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) in systolic HF. METHODS We included 1032 patients hospitalized for systolic HF (left ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients with systolic heart failure (SHF) is challenging because symptoms of both conditions overlap. We aimed to estimate the prevalence, correlates and prognostic impact of true COPD in patients with SHF. METHODS To diagnose COPD under stable conditions according to the(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with systolic heart failure, high levels of circulating aldosterone are associated with an adverse prognosis, and mineralocorticoid receptor blockade improves survival. The prognostic significance of cortisol that may also bind and activate the mineralocorticoid receptor in chronic heart failure is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Serum(More)
BACKGROUND Observational studies indicate that classical cardiovascular risk factors as body mass index, total cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure are associated with improved rather than impaired survival in heart failure ("reverse epidemiology"). We estimated the prognostic role of these risk factors in unselected patients with heart failure. (More)
BACKGROUND The Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) defines COPD as a fixed post-bronchodilator ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second and forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) below 0.7. Age-dependent cut-off values below the lower fifth percentile (LLN) of this ratio derived from the general population have been proposed as an(More)
PDGF and nitric oxide (NO) have been shown to participate in the progression of several forms of glomerulonephritis. A potential influence of NO on PDGF-mediated signaling cascades was therefore examined. Treatment of rat mesangial cells (MC) with the NO donors diethylenetriamine NO (DETA-NO) or spermine-NONOate resulted in a time- and dose-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) pharmacotherapy is often not prescribed according to guidelines. This longitudinal study investigated prescription rates and dosages of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEi/ARB), beta-blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA), and concomitant changes of symptoms,(More)
OBJECTIVE Deficiency of anabolic sex steroids is common in heart failure (HF). The pathophysiological implications of this phenomenon, however, have not been fully elucidated. This clinical study investigated the significance of low serum androgen levels in HF. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. Patients and Methods In 191 consecutively recruited men with(More)
Heart failure and COPD are very common in the elderly. As both syndromes share common risk factors, such as tobacco smoking, and pathophysiological pathways, including systemic inflammation and activation of the neurohumoral system, they frequently coincide. Because of the similar clinical presentation, diagnoses of COPD in the presence of heart failure may(More)
Coincidence of COPD and heart failure (HF) is challenging as both diseases interact on multiple levels with each other, and thus impact significantly on diagnosis, disease severity classification, and choice of medical therapy. The current overview aims to educate caregivers involved in the daily management of patients with HF and (possibly) concurrent COPD(More)