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Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury induces the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which affect many organs. This study was designed to investigate the roles of melatonin and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3) on renal I/R injury. Thirty male Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups: group 1, control; group 2, right nephrectomy (RN) +  I/R in the(More)
This prospective study evaluated 382 pediatric patients with peripheral lymphadenopathy (LA) presenting at the Pediatric Oncology and Hematology Departments of Social Security Children's Hospital and Gazi University Medical Faculty Hospital. The ages of the patients ranged between 2 months and 16 years (median 7 years); 72% of the patients were male. Of the(More)
Twenty children with acute idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) were randomized to receive either oral megadose methylprednisolone (MDMP) or intravenous immunoglobulin G (IV IgG). Normal platelet counts (> or = 150 x 10(9)/l) were obtained in 6 patients of each group in 3 days and in 8 and 9 patients treated with oral MDMP and with IV IgG within 1(More)
Melatonin (MEL) is synthesized mainly in the pineal gland and derived from 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP). Zinc (Zn) is one of the most important trace elements in the body. Zn and MEL levels are changed with aging. The aim of this study was to investigate the age-related changes of tissue and plasma Zn levels and effect of MEL administration on these(More)
Nitrogen monoxide (NO) is a potent endogenous vasodilator and is involved in cytotoxicity, neurotransmission, and immunological defense mechanisms. Phototherapy has long been known to change the distribution of blood flow throughout the body in newborn infants. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of phototherapy on NO production in(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the role of cerebral nitric oxide and its powerful oxidant peroxynitrite following mild birth asphyxia. The cerebrospinal fluid levels of nitric oxide and 3-nitrotyrosine as a marker for peroxynitrite are measured in neonates with mild hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Based on the classification of Sarnat and(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is often associated with a severe hemostatic disorder, caused by the release of procoagulant and fibrinolytic substances from leukemic blasts. The coagulation profile may exhibit disseminated intravascular coagulation and fibrinolysis or proteolysis. Therefore, heparin and antifibrinolytic agents alone or in combination(More)
Although the interaction between Hcy, NO(2)(-) and vascular disease has been extensively studied, there are no data verifying their ratios to HDL-C in coronary artery disease (CAD). We examined whether Hcy/HDL-C and NO(2)(-)/HDL-C ratios correlated with the degree of stenosis in CAD. Also, TC/HDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios were evaluated in the same(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical that is produced by a number of mammalian cell types from L-arginine and a critical mediator that acts in many tissues to regulate a diverse range of physiological processes. The major metabolic end product for NO is nitrate (NO(3)) and nitrite (NO(2)), which are stable metabolites within tissue, plasma, and urine.(More)