Güldal Mehmetçik

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Hypercholesterolemia and lipid peroxidation play complementary roles in atherosclerosis. Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L., Asteraceae) leaf extract (ALE), rich in antioxidants, has cholesterol-reducing effect. We investigated the effect of ALE on serum and hepatic lipid levels and pro-oxidant–antioxidant balance in the liver and heart of hypercholesterolemic(More)
Hypercholesterolemia and lipid peroxidation play complementary role in atherosclerosis. Artichoke leaf extract (ALE) is rich in natural antioxidants and has a cholesterol-reducing effect. However, there is no study investigating the effect of ALE on lipid levels and lipid peroxidation in experimental hypercholesterolemic conditions. Rats were fed on 4%(More)
OBJECTIVES Leptin is a hormone secreted from adipocytes. It regulates metabolism and energy homeostasis through the leptin receptor (LEPR) which is localized centrally in hypothalamus as well as in peripheral tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of leptin receptor gene Q223R polymorphism on obesity in association with body mass(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the changes of taurine levels in the hearts of old rats on endogenous malondialdehyde (MDA) and diene conjugate (DC) levels and ascorbic acid (AA)- and NADPH-induced lipid peroxidation as well as non-enzymatic (glutathione, vitamin E and vitamin C) and enzymatic antioxidants (superoxide dismutase,(More)
Artichoke is a plant with antioxidant properties. In this study, we investigated the effect of artichoke extract pretreatment on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity. Rats were given artichoke leaf extract (1.5g/kg/day) by gavage for 2 weeks and after then CCl4 (1ml/kg; i.p.) was applied. All rats were killed 24h after the(More)
This study was carried out in 140 healthy subjects who were divided into three subgroups of age: young (21-40 years), mature (41-60 years), and elderly (61-85 years) to investigate lipid peroxides and the antioxidant system in serum and low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Serum levels of cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol increased with age. The elderly group was(More)
Lipid peroxidation increased both in the liver homogenates and in the hepatic mitochondrial fraction of bile duct ligated (BDL)-rats. Although mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity did not change in the liver, glutathione (GSH) levels and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity decreased in hepatic mitochondrial fraction of BDL-rats as compared(More)
This study was carried out on young (20-35 years) and old (60-85 years) men and rats (6 vs 22 months) to investigate the effect of aging on plasma lipid peroxidation and the antioxidant system. Plasma polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), total fatty acid (TFA) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels increased in aged humans and rats compared with young groups.(More)
Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) is a dipeptide with antioxidant properties. Free radicals are involved in the pathogenesis of acute liver injury induced by thioacetamide (TAA). In this study, we investigated the effect of carnosine treatment on TAA-induced oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity. Rats were injected intraperitoneally with TAA (500 mg/kg) and(More)
Endogenous malondialdehyde and diene conjugate levels were increased in hypercholesterolemic subjects with serum cholesterol levels above 240 mg/dl as compared to normocholesterolemic subjects (below 20 mg/dl). A decrease in vitamin E/cholesterol and vitamin C/cholesterol ratios was observed in serum of hypercholesterolemic individuals. However, the(More)