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Cytotoxic effects of ionizing radiation on gastrointestinal epithelium may be related to oxidative stress. In this study, we wanted to investigate the effects of selenium, vitamin E and selenium plus vitamin E pretreatments prior to whole abdominal irradiation on intestinal injury. Irradiation caused increased lipid peroxide and decreased GSH levels in the(More)
Endogen malondialdehyde (MDA), diene conjugate levels, the susceptibility to copper-induced lipid peroxidation and antioxidant activity of serum were determined in patients with atherosclerotic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and myocard infarction. Lipid peroxidation susceptibility and antioxidant activity did not change, however, an increase in endogen(More)
Chronic hepatitis develops in at least half of the patients with acute hepatitis C. Although there is currently no effective therapy for chronic hepatitis C (CHC), it is reported that Interferon-alpha (IFN alpha) has some beneficial effects. It has been suggested that changes in the oxidant-antioxidant balance may take decisive role in the progression of(More)
In this study, lipid peroxide and glutathione (GSH) levels, GSH peroxidase, GSH S-transferase, superoxide dismutase, gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activities were investigated in tumorous and nontumorous colorectal tissues obtained from ten patients diagnosed with colon and rectum cancer. Histopathological evaluations,(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer is one of the most common carcinomas observed in humans. Recently we have reported that increased oxidative stress is associated with human colorectal cancer. There are few and controversial studies on the clinical relevance of the expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP 70), a member of the HSP family, in colorectal cancer. In(More)
The effects of water-immersion restraint (WIR) stress on lipid peroxide, glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (gamma-GT) activities in several tissues of rats were investigated. Hepatic and intestinal lipid peroxide levels were increased significantly in the WIR(More)
Endogenous malondialdehyde and diene conjugate levels were increased in hypercholesterolemic subjects with serum cholesterol levels above 240 mg/dl as compared to normocholesterolemic subjects (below 20 mg/dl). A decrease in vitamin E/cholesterol and vitamin C/cholesterol ratios was observed in serum of hypercholesterolemic individuals. However, the(More)
This study was carried out on young (20-35 years) and old (60-85 years) men and rats (6 vs 22 months) to investigate the effect of aging on plasma lipid peroxidation and the antioxidant system. Plasma polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), total fatty acid (TFA) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels increased in aged humans and rats compared with young groups.(More)
Radiation enteritis is a significant clinical problem in patients receiving ionizing radiation directed to the abdomen or pelvis. Although radiation is aimed to be directed against the malignant tissue, adjacent healthy tissues are also affected. The small intestine is the most sensitive organ to radiation. The present study was undertaken to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation enteritis is a significant clinical problem in patients receiving ionizing radiation directed at the abdomen or pelvis. The small intestine is the most radiosensitive gastrointestinal organ. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels of the small intestine were measured to determine the oxidative damage caused by(More)