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The yeast ERV1 gene encodes a small polypeptide of 189 amino acids that is essential for mitochondrial function and for the viability of the cell. In this study we report the enzymatic activity of this protein as a flavin-linked sulfhydryl oxidase catalyzing the formation of disulfide bridges. Deletion of the amino-terminal part of Erv1p shows that the(More)
Yeast Erv1p is a ubiquitous FAD-dependent sulfhydryl oxidase, located in the intermembrane space of mitochondria. The dimeric enzyme is essential for survival of the cell. Besides the redox-active CXXC motif close to the FAD, Erv1p harbours two additional cysteine pairs. Site-directed mutagenesis has identified all three cysteine pairs as essential for(More)
The mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase (complex I) in mammalian cells is a multimeric enzyme consisting of approximately 40 subunits, 7 of which are encoded in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Very little is known about the function of these mtDNA-encoded subunits. In this paper, we describe the efficient isolation from a human cell line of mutants affected in any(More)
Mitochondrial iron overload in acquired idiopathic sideroblastic anemia (AISA) may be attributable to mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), because these can cause respiratory chain dysfunction, thereby impairing reduction of ferric iron (Fe3+) to ferrous iron (Fe2+). The reduced form of iron is essential to the last step of mitochondrial heme(More)
Mitochondria-encoded ND (NADH dehydrogenase) subunits, as components of the hydrophobic part of complex I, are essential for NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase activity. Mutations or lack of expression of these subunits have significant pathogenic consequences in humans. However, the way these events affect complex I assembly is poorly documented. To understand(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Erv2p was identified previously as a distant homologue of Erv1p, an essential mitochondrial protein exhibiting sulfhydryl oxidase activity. Expression of the ERV2 (essential for respiration and vegetative growth 2) gene from a high-copy plasmid cannot substitute for the lack of ERV1, suggesting that the two proteins perform(More)
Two related forms of the respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (NADH:ubiquinone reductase or complex I) are synthesized in the mitochondria of Neurospora crassa. Normally growing cells make a large form that consists of 25 subunits encoded by nuclear DNA and six to seven subunits encoded by mitochondrial DNA. Cells grown in the presence of chloramphenicol,(More)
In mitochondria of Neurospora crassa grown in the presence of chloramphenicol a small form of NADH:ubiquinone reductase is made in place of the normal electron-transfer-complex I. This smaller enzyme has a molecular mass of approximately 350 kDa and consists of (at least) 13 different subunits which are all synthesized in the cytoplasm. The complex I which(More)
BACKGROUND Augmenter of Liver Regeneration is an important secondary hepatic growth factor. Augmenter of liver regeneration protein has been shown to control mitochondrial gene expression and the lytic activity of liver-resident Natural Killer cells through the levels of interferon-gamma, but the precise enzymatic function of this protein is unknown. AIMS(More)
The cause of the selective degeneration of nigrostriatal neurons in Parkinson disease (PD) has remained largely unknown. Exceptions include rare missense mutations in the alpha-synuclein gene on chromosome 4, a potentially pathogenic mutation affecting the ubiquitin pathway, and mutations in the parkin gene on chromosome 6. However, unlike classical PD, the(More)