Götz Hofhaus

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The yeast ERV1 gene encodes a small polypeptide of 189 amino acids that is essential for mitochondrial function and for the viability of the cell. In this study we report the enzymatic activity of this protein as a flavin-linked sulfhydryl oxidase catalyzing the formation of disulfide bridges. Deletion of the amino-terminal part of Erv1p shows that the(More)
BACKGROUND Augmenter of Liver Regeneration is an important secondary hepatic growth factor. Augmenter of liver regeneration protein has been shown to control mitochondrial gene expression and the lytic activity of liver-resident Natural Killer cells through the levels of interferon-gamma, but the precise enzymatic function of this protein is unknown. AIMS(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Erv2p was identified previously as a distant homologue of Erv1p, an essential mitochondrial protein exhibiting sulfhydryl oxidase activity. Expression of the ERV2 (essential for respiration and vegetative growth 2) gene from a high-copy plasmid cannot substitute for the lack of ERV1, suggesting that the two proteins perform(More)
Yeast Erv1p is a ubiquitous FAD-dependent sulfhydryl oxidase, located in the intermembrane space of mitochondria. The dimeric enzyme is essential for survival of the cell. Besides the redox-active CXXC motif close to the FAD, Erv1p harbours two additional cysteine pairs. Site-directed mutagenesis has identified all three cysteine pairs as essential for(More)
Mitochondria-encoded ND (NADH dehydrogenase) subunits, as components of the hydrophobic part of complex I, are essential for NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase activity. Mutations or lack of expression of these subunits have significant pathogenic consequences in humans. However, the way these events affect complex I assembly is poorly documented. To understand(More)
The mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase (complex I) in mammalian cells is a multimeric enzyme consisting of approximately 40 subunits, 7 of which are encoded in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Very little is known about the function of these mtDNA-encoded subunits. In this paper, we describe the efficient isolation from a human cell line of mutants affected in any(More)
In most eukaryotic cells, the respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (Complex I) is a multimeric enzyme under dual (nuclear and mitochondrial) genetic control. Several genes encoding subunits of this enzyme have been identified in the mitochondrial genome from various organisms, but the functions of these subunits are in most part unknown. We describe here a(More)
Mitochondrial DNA from two genetically unrelated patients carrying the mutation at position 11778 that causes Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy has been transferred with mitochondria into human mtDNA-less rho0206 cells. As analyzed in several transmitochondrial cell lines thus obtained, the mutation, which is in the gene encoding subunit ND4 of the(More)