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A volumetric sonication method is proposed that produces volume ablations by steering the focal point along a predetermined trajectory consisting of multiple concentric outward-moving circles. This method was tested in vivo on pig thigh muscle (32 ablations in nine animals). Trajectory diameters were 4, 12, and 16 mm with sonication duration depending on(More)
Parameters of relevance to oximetry with Overhauser magnetic resonance imaging (OMRI) have been measured for three single electron contrast agents of the triphenylmethyl type. The single electron contrast agents are stable and water soluble. Magnetic resonance properties of the agents have been examined with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), nuclear(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterise the feasibility and safety of a novel transurethral ultrasound (US)-therapy device combined with real-time multi-plane magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based temperature monitoring and temperature feedback control, to enable spatiotemporally precise regional ablation of simulated prostate gland lesions in a preclinical canine(More)
PURPOSE We report on the design, performance, and specifications of a dedicated set-up for the treatment of rats on a clinical magnetic resonance high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU) system. MATERIALS AND METHODS The small animal HIFU-compatible 4-channel MR receiver volume coil and animal support were designed as add-on to a clinical 3T Philips(More)
A noninvasive method for in vivo measurement of the oxygen concentration has been developed. By introducing a novel contrast medium (CM) based on a single electron substance, it is possible to enhance the proton signal through the Overhauser effect. A low-field magnetic resonance scanner is used to image the proton nuclei of the object. The electron spin(More)
MRI can be used for monitoring temperature during a thermocoagulation treatment of tumors. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the suitability of a 3D steady-state free precession sequence (3D Fast Imaging with Steady-State Precession, 3D TrueFISP) for MR temperature measurement at 0.23 T, and to compare it to the spin-echo (SE) and spoiled 3D(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a new single-electron contrast agent for Overhauser-enhanced MR imaging. The contrast agents that are currently available give enhancement factors that are too low to make the technique a valid option for routine clinical use. MATERIAL AND METHODS MR images were generated directly following the injection of the substance into rats. The(More)
Performing interventional procedures in the close proximity to an MR scanner widens the range of operations available for an optical tracking system. In order to gain the full benefits from both unrestricted use of surgical instruments outside the magnet and intraoperative imaging, a method for transferring the registration data of the optical navigator(More)
This article presents a miniaturized electron spin resonance (ESR) probe for deducing the position of a surgical instrument on an MR image. The ESR probe constructed was small enough to fit inside a 14-G biopsy needle sheath, and position information of the sheath could be acquired using a simple gradient sequence. The position accuracy was estimated from(More)
PURPOSE Up to 25% of women suffer from uterine fibroids (UF) that cause infertility, pain, and discomfort. MR-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU) is an emerging technique for noninvasive, computer-guided thermal ablation of UFs. The volume of induced necrosis is a predictor of the success of the treatment. However, accurate volume assessment(More)