Gösta Hiller

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Vaccinia virus, the prototype of the Poxviridae, is a large DNA virus which replicates in the cytoplasm of the host cell. The assembly pathway of vaccinia virus displays several unique features, such as the production of two structurally distinct, infectious forms. One of these, termed intracellular naked virus (INV), remains cells associated while the(More)
During the assembly of vaccinia virus, the intracellular mature virus becomes enwrapped by a cellular cisterna to form the intracellular enveloped virus (IEV), the precursor of the extracellular enveloped virus (EEV). In this study, we have characterized the origin of this wrapping cisterna by electron microscopic immunocytochemistry using lectins,(More)
A quantitative estimate of the cellular tubulin concentration can be obtained by the use of a radioimmunoassay based upon the competition between tubulin in cell extracts and a known amount of radioactively labeled homogeneous tubulin during binding to a limited amount of anti-tubulin antibodies. This assay shows that a variety of widely used tissue culture(More)
The major antigen on the envelope of extracellular vaccinia virus particles is a polypeptide with an apparent molecular weight of 37,000 (p37K; G. Hiller and K. Weber, J. Virol. 55:651-659, 1985). The gene encoding p37K was mapped in the vaccinia virus genome by hybrid selection of RNA followed by in vitro translation. p37K was then identified among the in(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAP kinases), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38, can both contribute to the activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). We have investigated the hypothesis that ERK and p38 together or independent of one another play roles in the regulation of cPLA2 in macrophages responding to the oral(More)
A 37,000-dalton polypeptide (p37K) present on purified extracellular vaccinia virus but absent from intracellular virus particles of classical morphology (G. Hiller et al., J. Virol. 39:903-913, 1981; L. G. Payne, J. Virol. 27:28-37, 1978) was further characterized. The polypeptide was only expressed in infected cells after onset of viral DNA replication.(More)
Stimulation of mouse peritoneal macrophages with zymosan or bacteria results in activation of 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) and release of arachidonate. We have investigated the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PtdIns 3-kinase) in the signalling leading to activation of cPLA(2) and release of arachidonate in response to zymosan and the(More)
Infectious vaccinia virus can be purified from whole cells by experimentally induced lysis (intracellular virus) or from supernatant growth medium (extracellular virus). Extracellular virus and intracellular virus differed by buoyant density (1.237 versus 1.272 g/cm3), phospholipid content and composition, and polypeptide pattern. Differences in structural(More)