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Using standardized assessment instruments may help staff identify needs, problems and resources which could be a basis for nursing care, and facilitate and improve the quality of documentation. The Resident Assessment Instrument/Minimum Data Set (RAI/MDS) especially developed for the care of elderly people, was used as a basis for individualized and(More)
The aim of this study was to use Harré's social constructionist theory of selfhood to describe how people with mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) express their sense of self. The findings show that Self 1, the embodied sense of being a person, was expressed fluently by participants through the use of first-person indexicals. Self 2, the experienced(More)
1. A phenomenological-hermeneutic approach was used to illuminate carers' video-recorded interactions in connection with supervision for individualized nursing care. 2. In order to disclose any changes in the carers' interactions with patients suffering from severe dementia the video recordings were conducted before, during and after the intervention. 3.(More)
BACKGROUND An intervention project was conducted in three nursing home wards in Sweden. Most patients had severe dementia. The intervention consisted of supervision for individualized and documented nursing care, based on multidimensional assessment. AIM To illuminate changes in carers' approach after the intervention. METHODS Several data collections(More)
Stimulated recall interviews were used in connection with carers' video-recorded interactions with patients suffering from severe dementia before, during and after a 1-year intervention involving supervision for individualized nursing care. The aim was to illuminate carers' reflections on their everyday life with the patients, and to find out if any changes(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the occurrences of coercive interventions and violence-related staff injuries before and after a 2-year violence prevention intervention on a psychiatric intensive care unit. The intervention aimed to improve nursing care by addressing patient violence from multiple perspectives. During the study, the unit was(More)
Knowing a patient's life story is important for good nursing care of frail and vulnerable elderly people with cognitive impairments. The aim of the study was to compare patients' life stories and current situations as told by carers before and after 1 year of supervision, in which the Resident Assessment Instrument was used as a basis for individualized(More)
Violence prevention and management is an important part of inpatient psychiatric nursing and specific staff training is regarded essential. The training should be based on primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. In Stockholm, Sweden, the Bergen model is a staff-training programme that combines this preventive approach with the theoretical nursing(More)
Multidimensional functional assessment is the basis of individualized care. It is especially important in the care of elderly, with the complexity of symptomatology and often with cognitive impairment present. An assessment instrument for elderly persons, used in this study, is the Resident Assessment Instrument/Minimum Data Set (RAI/MDS) and its(More)
BACKGROUND Training nursing staff in communication skills can impact on the quality of care for residents with dementia and contributes to nurses' job satisfaction. Changing attitudes and practices takes time and energy and can affect the entire nursing staff, not just the nurses directly involved in a training programme. Therefore, it seems important to(More)