Göran Settergren

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Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral av-differences of oxygen and circulating substrates were measured in normocapnic infants during general anaesthesia before elective surgery in order to study possible age-dependent variations. CBF was determined by a minor modification of the Kety-Schmidt technique from desaturation curves of nitrous oxide (N2O) in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical potential of several markers of spinal cord ischemia in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum during aneurysm repair of the descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aorta. DESIGN Observational study of consecutive patients. Nonblinded, nonrandomized. SETTING University hospital thoracic surgical unit. PARTICIPANTS(More)
BACKGROUND Acetylcholine is an endothelium-dependent vasodilator through the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway. After ischemia-reperfusion this effect is attenuated, also demonstrated in the pulmonary circulation after cardiopulmonary bypass. Administration of L-arginine has been shown to have a protective effect on endothelial function in reperfusion injury.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on hepatic blood flow (HBF) and the hepatic venous flow pattern. DESIGN Single-arm prospective study. SETTING University hospital operating room and intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS Eight patients ranging in age from 57 to 73 years undergoing cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS(More)
The vasodilator gas nitric oxide (NO) is produced in the paranasal sinuses and is excreted continuously into the nasal airways of humans. This NO will normally reach the lungs with inspiration, especially during nasal breathing. We wanted to investigate the possible effects of low-dose inhalation of NO from the nasal airways on pulmonary function. The(More)
To evaluate the hemodynamic effect of glucose-insulin-potassium administered during cardiopulmonary bypass grafting (CABG), i.v. infusion of glucose 0.5 g, insulin 1.35 IU and potassium 0.25 mmol/kg b.w/hour was begun after induction of anesthesia and continued until aortic cross-clamping in seven patients. Seven controls underwent CABG without such(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated levels of serum S100B after coronary artery bypass grafting may arise from extracerebral contamination. Serum S100B content was analyzed in several tissues, and the two dimers S100A1-B and S100BB were analyzed separately in blood. METHODS Serum, shed blood, marrow, fat, and muscle were studied in patients undergoing coronary artery(More)
OBJECTIVE A clinical measure--inspection of the relation of the heart (acute margin) to the diaphragm--has shown a strong positive correlation to transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) determination of left ventricular end-diastolic area (LVEDA) during weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The present study examines the correlation between right(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical and experimental data indicate that when there is lung disease, wedging the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) could cause decreases in cardiac output and systemic arterial blood pressure and an increase in mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). The authors studied whether wedging would alter mean left atrial pressure (LAP), and report(More)
Induction of anesthesia with isoflurane in combination with fentanyl, thiopentone, nitrous oxide and pancuronium was studied in nine patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting. Ejection fraction (EF) of the left ventricle was monitored with a single crystal probe linked to a microcomputer, after injection of 200 MBq Tc 99m-HSA. Stroke volume(More)