Göran Kronvall

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Protein G, a bacterial cell wall protein with affinity for immunoglobulin G (IgG), has been isolated from a human group G streptococcal strain (G148). Bacterial surface proteins were solubilized by enzymatic digestion with papain. Protein G was isolated by sequential use of ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, gel filtration on Sephadex G-100, and(More)
A survey carried out in 2005 among members of a healthy population of children living in Bolivia and Peru revealed that fecal carriage of Escherichia coli strains resistant to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins was remarkably increased compared to that observed in the same settings in 2002 (1.7% in 2005 versus 0.1% in 2002). In this work, we demonstrated that(More)
The present study compares the molecular epidemiology of Streptococcus pneumoniae causing invasive disease and carriage, respectively, in one geographic area (Stockholm, Sweden) during a specific point in time (the year 1997). A total of 273 invasive isolates (257 from adults and 16 from children) obtained from the 2 major hospitals in Stockholm, as well as(More)
Using a rapid screening method, we investigated the prevalence of fecal carriage of antimicrobial drug-resistant Escherichia coli in 3,174 healthy children from 4 urban settings in Peru and Bolivia. High resistance rates were observed for ampicillin (95%), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (94%), tetracycline (93%), streptomycin (82%), and chloramphenicol(More)
The procedure for NRI, a method for normalised resistance interpretation, is presented. By means of its promising autocalibration system the method generates zone breakpoints for resistance in zone diameter histograms for bacterial species-antibiotic combinations. These breakpoints give a normalised interpretation of resistance which is independent of disc(More)
Bacteraemia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with haematological disorders during chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. The generally reported trend during the last two decades has been a gradual replacement of Gram-negative bacilli by Gram-positive cocci as the major causes of bacteraemia in neutropenic hosts. However, data that are(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate antibiotic use and antibiotic susceptibility of respiratory tract pathogens in children aged 1-5 years in Bavi, Vietnam. METHOD Nasopharynx and throat specimens were collected from 200 children from randomly selected households in a demographically defined population. Respiratory isolates were tested for antibiotic susceptibility(More)
Forty-two strains of Neisseria meningitidis and 17 of Neisseria gonorrhoeae were tested for their ability to interact with 125I-labeled Glu-plasminogen. All strains tested reacted substantially with plasminogen, resulting in uptake values of 20%-48%. Scatchard analysis with selected N. meningitidis strains demonstrated a dual-phase receptor interaction, one(More)
Antimicrobial resistance genes are often clustered in integrons, genetic elements capable of recombination. There is a paucity of data on the prevalence and role of integrons from community-acquired infections in developing countries where resistance to co-trimoxazole is high. We determined the prevalence of integrons among Escherichia coli causing(More)
A total of 188 strains representing 11 species of gram-negative bacteria were examined for the ability to interact with human plasminogen. Highly purified human plasminogen was labeled with 125I, and its uptake by different bacterial strains was measured. All 14 strains of Haemophilus influenzae and all 13 strains of Branhamella catarrhalis tested were(More)