Göran K. Wallin

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Temperate and boreal forest ecosystems contain a large part of the carbon stored on land, in the form of both biomass and soil organic matter. Increasing atmospheric [CO2], increasing temperature, elevated nitrogen deposition and intensified management will change this C store. Well documented single-factor responses of net primary production are: higher(More)
Effects of elevated temperature and atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2]) on spring phenology of mature field-grown Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) trees were followed for three years. Twelve whole-tree chambers (WTC) were installed around individual trees and used to expose the trees to a predicted future climate. The predicted climate scenario for(More)
Characterization of soil respiration rates and delta(13)C values of soil-respired CO(2) are often based on measurements at a particular time of day. A study by Gower et al. (2001) in a boreal forest demonstrated diurnal patterns of soil CO(2) flux using transparent measurement chambers that included the understory vegetation. It is unclear whether these(More)
INTRODUCTION Autoimmunity against the TSH receptor is a key pathogenic element in Graves' disease. The autoimmune aberration may be modified by therapy of the hyperthyroidism. OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of the common types of therapy for Graves' hyperthyroidism on TSH-receptor autoimmunity. METHODS Patients with newly diagnosed Graves'(More)
Anaplastic giant cell carcinoma of the thyroid is a rare but highly malignant tumor. At the Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm, surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have been used separately or in various combinations in 81 patients admitted with this diagnosis during 1971-1997. In this study, we present the various multimodality treatment regimens and(More)
The growth responses of mature Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) trees exposed to elevated [CO(2)] (CE; 670-700 ppm) and long-term optimized nutrient availability or elevated air temperature (TE; ±3.9 °C) were studied in situ in northern Sweden in two 3 year field experiments using 12 whole-tree chambers in ca. 40-year-old forest. The first experiment(More)
The diagnosis of follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) in the absence of metastasis can only be established postoperatively. Moreover, high-risk FTCs are often not identifiable at the time of diagnosis. In this study, we aimed to identify transcriptional markers of malignancy and high-risk disease in follicular thyroid tumors. The expression levels of 26(More)
Stem CO2 efflux is known to vary seasonally and vertically along tree stems. However, annual tree- and stand-scale efflux estimates are commonly based on measurements made only a few times a year, during daytime and at breast height. In this study, the effect of these simplifying assumptions on annual efflux estimates and their influence on the estimates of(More)
CONTEXT Previous randomized trials have suggested an association between radioiodine treatment for Graves' hyperthyroidism and thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to compare the occurrence of worsening or development of TAO in patients who were treated with radioiodine or antithyroid drugs. DESIGN We conducted a(More)
Saplings of one clone of Norway spruce, Picea abies (L.) Karst, were planted in 120 l pots in 1991 and exposed to three levels of ozone, two levels of phosphorus and two levels of water supply in 42 open-top chambers (OTCs), during 1992-1996. The effects of pots and OTCs were also tested. Nutrient concentrations of the needles were not affected by ozone,(More)