Göran Hedenstierna

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OBJECTIVE We tested whether the continuous monitoring of dynamic compliance could become a useful bedside tool for detecting the beginning of collapse of a fully recruited lung. DESIGN Prospective laboratory animal investigation. SETTING Clinical physiology research laboratory, University of Uppsala, Sweden. SUBJECTS Eight pigs submitted to repeated(More)
Forty-seven subjects exposed to formaldehyde (mean air concentration 0.45 mg/m3) and 20 unexposed subjects, all of whom were employed at a carpentry shop, were studied with regard to symptoms and pulmonary function. Symptoms involving eyes and throat as well as chest oppression were significantly more common in the exposed subjects than in the unexposed(More)
Thirty-eight employees exposed to formaldehyde when working with acid-hardening lacquers and 18 nonexposed control persons employed at the same company were examined to determine lung function (spirometry and nitrogen washout), total immunoglobulin blood concentration, and work-related symptoms. The mean exposure to formaldehyde during an 8-hr workday was(More)
A method is presented for determining the pulmonary blood flow from measurements of the time-averaged end-tidal pCO2 and the CO2 output. The novel technique is based on a formula that is derived from Fick's principle in such a way that it allows a direct calculation of the lung perfusion from simultaneously measured changes in end-tidal pCO2 and CO2 output.(More)
Twenty patients (23-76 yr) were studied with regard to lung tissue changes prior to and following induction of general anesthesia with muscular relaxation, and another four subjects were studied for a longer period awake. The transverse thoracic area and the structure of the lung tissue were determined by computerized tomography. No abnormalities in the(More)
Twenty subjects with mild asthma were exposed at rest in a body plethysmograph, to NO2 at 0, 260, 510 and 1,000 micrograms.m3, for 30 min on four separate days. Bronchial responsiveness (histamine inhalation test) was measured after each exposure session. Airway resistance (Raw), thoracic gas volume (TGV) and specific airway resistance (sRaw) were measured(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO), an endothelium-derived relaxing factor, acts as a local vasodilator. The authors examined the effects of NO on pulmonary and systemic circulation in human volunteers. METHODS Nine healthy adults were studied awake while breathing 1) air, 2) 12% O2 in N2, 3) followed by the same mixture of O2 and N2 containing 40 ppm of NO.(More)
Formation of atelectasis is one mechanism of impaired gas exchange during general anaesthesia. We have studied manoeuvres to re-expand such atelectasis in 16 consecutive, anaesthetized adults with healthy lungs. In group 1 (10 patients), the lungs were inflated stepwise to an airway pressure (Paw) of 10, 20, 30 and 40 cm H2O. In group 2 (six patients),(More)
A major cause of impaired gas exchange during general anaesthesia is atelectasis, causing pulmonary shunt. A 'vital capacity' (VC) manoeuvre (i.e. inflation of the lungs up to 40 cm H2O, maintained for 15 s) may re-expand atelectasis and improve oxygenation. However, such a manoeuvre may cause adverse cardiovascular effects. Reducing the time of maximal(More)
Atelectasis is an important cause of impaired gas exchange during general anaesthesia; it causes pulmonary shunting. We studied the effects of gas composition on the formation of atelectasis and on gas exchange during the induction of general anaesthesia. In 12 adult patients, the lungs were ventilated with 30% oxygen in nitrogen during anaesthesia(More)