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A self-expanding esophageal nitinol stent was implanted under fluoroscopic guidance in 40 patients with malignant esophageal strictures and clinically significant dysphagia. The strictures were caused by squamous cell carcinoma (n = 14), adenocarcinoma (n = 12), recurrent anastomotic carcinoma (n = 8), and mediastinal tumors (n = 6). Eight stents were(More)
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-containing nerves were examined in the lower esophagus of control and achalasia patients. The smooth muscle in patients with achalasia had conspicuously fewer vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-immunoreactive nerve fibers than specimens from control patients. Also the concentration of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide in the(More)
Purpose. To evaluate the outcome after resection of malignant chest wall sarcoma, requiring reconstruction of the chest wall.Subjects. Twenty-two patients, 15 with primary tumours, were operated on in our institution between 1983 and 1996. Four patients underwent surgery after a previous intralesional or marginal excision and three patients because of a(More)
This multicenter study describes the development of a chemoradiation protocol for the treatment of non-metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Eighty patients were treated with three courses of chemotherapy (cisplatinum and 5-fluorouracil) with concomitant radiotherapy (40 Gy) during the last two courses of chemotherapy. Esophagectomy was(More)
Among 73 patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma treated with chemotherapy (cisplatin + 5-fluorouracil), surgery and pre- and postoperative radiotherapy, the 1-year survival rate was 68% and the 5-year rate 26%. The treatment was well tolerated, though there were 11 cases of pericardial or pleural effusion, in all of which the effusion was benign(More)
149 patients with carcinoma of the esophagus treated with radiotherapy were evaluated. Eighty-one patients had treatment with palliative intent and 68 with curative intent. The 4-year actuarial survival was 1 and 5% respectively. The tumor size, Karnofsky index (KI) and radiation dose were prognostic factors. The duration of palliation of the patients(More)
The combination of cisplatin (90-120 mg/m2) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (1,000 mg/m2/day in continuous infusion for five days) was given for 2-3 cycles, prior to combined radiotherapy and surgery, to 73 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, 60 with limited disease (LD), and 13 with extensive disease (ED) (i.e. with metastasis) of whom 3 had(More)
Cytogenetic analysis of short-term cultures from seven pulmonary hamartomas revealed an abnormal karyotype in six of them. The most characteristic aberration was an exchange of material between 6p21 and 14q24, found in three tumours. Abnormalities of either 6p or 14q were seen in another two hamartomas. Other regions that were rearranged more than once were(More)
Pharyngeal function was studied using a cineradiographic technique in 9 patients following removal of the oesophagus with anastomosis of a substitute in the neck. Pharyngeal dysfunction was present and aspiration occurred in 8 of them. This possible complication should be considered when oesophageal reconstruction with cervical anastomosis is planned.(More)