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This paper demonstrates the estimation of the parameters in the Coale model for marital fertility by the maximum likelihood method, under the assumption of a simple Poisson process model. The necessary calculations are easily performed in the statistical computer program package GLIM, and the necessary commands are noted. Without access to GLIM, or any(More)
The main aim of the present study was to estimate total alcohol-related mortality in Sweden. For natural deaths, a meta-analysis carried out in Australia was updated to the end of March 1998, and pooled estimates of the relative risks were calculated for different diseases based on data from scientific studies that have been published in the international(More)
In situations where a large data set is partitioned into many relatively small clusters, and where members within clusters have something in common, the number of parameters tend to increase with sample size, if a fixed-effects model is applied. This fact causes the standard assumptions underlying asymptotic results to be violated. The standard solution to(More)
The prevention of fatal complications of childbirth is a priority of health care in the developing countries. This historical study of maternal deaths in Sweden analyses the decline in mortality between 1751-1900 and during this years maternal mortality was reduced by 76% whereas the female mortality dropped only by 33% The decline was especially pronounced(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of smoking in Sweden has decreased in recent decades, and is now among the lowest in the world. During the same period, the use of Swedish moist oral snuff, a smokeless tobacco called snus, has increased. Few studies have evaluated time trends of the socioeconomic and geographic characteristics of snus users in Sweden. This paper(More)
Previous research has shown that the disease load experienced during the birth year, measured as the infant mortality rate, had a significant influence on old-age mortality in nineteenth-century rural Sweden. We know that children born in years with very high rates of infant mortality, due to outbreaks of smallpox or whooping cough, and who still survived(More)
Complications of childbirth is a leading death cause for women of reproductive ages in the developing countries today. The unique Swedish population statistics from the 19th century permit comparable historical studies. In seven Swedish parishes 170 maternal deaths were observed - 595 per 100,000 live births. Eclampsia, obstructed labor and hemorrhage were(More)
The Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation (IFAU) is a research institute under the Swedish Ministry of Industry, Employment and Communications , situated in Uppsala. IFAU's objective is to promote, support and carry out: evaluations of the effects of labour market policies, studies of the functioning of the labour market and evaluations of the(More)
An analysis of infant mortality (based on 133,448 births) in two regions, Sundsvall and Skellefteå, in north-eastern Sweden during the nineteenth century shows that infant mortality was highly clustered with a relatively small number of families accounting for a large proportion of all infant deaths. Using logistic regression, two important factors were(More)