Göran Blomquist

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Several epidemiological investigations concerning indoor environments have indicated that "dampness" in buildings is associated to health effects such as respiratory symptoms, asthma and allergy. The aim of the present interdisciplinary review is to evaluate this association as shown in the epidemiological literature. A literature search identified 590(More)
In this study, we sequenced 18S rRNA genes (rDNA) from 49 fungal strains representing 31 species from 15 genera. Most of these species are common airborne fungi and pathogens that may cause various public health concerns. Sequence analysis revealed distinct divergence between Zygomycota and Ascomycota. Within Ascomycota, several strongly supported clades(More)
Five fungal species, Aspergillus versicolor, Penicillium commune, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Paecilomyces variotii, and Phialophora fastigiata, were cultivated on two media, malt extract agar and dichloran glycerol agar. Culture flasks provided with inlet and outlet tubes were used and purified, and humidified air was constantly led through the flasks.(More)
Two fungal species commonly found in indoor environments, Penicillium commune and Paecilomyces variotü, were cultivated on pine wood and on a combination of gypsum board and mineral wool. Air from the cultures was adsorbed on Tenax TA and analysed using thermal desorption-cold trap injection gas chromatography. Identification of the produced volatile(More)
The total number of airborne micro-organisms collected on Nuclepore filters was determined by acridine orange staining and epifluorescence microscopy. The viable fraction of the total numbers varied significantly when actinomycete and fungal spores from different environments were stored on the filter surface for 1 week, although the microflora composition(More)
We examined the selectivity of 53 sets of primers for environmental monitoring of indoor air quality. Thirty-six fungal strains, representing 26 species from 14 genera of commonly occurring fungi, and 16 different bacterial strains, representing both gram-negative and gram-positive species, were included in the experiment. We verified the specificity of 28(More)
The chemical environment that dairy farmers are exposed to during milking was investigated. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were analysed and identified, and the levels of formaldehyde, ammonia and carbon dioxide were measured in eight farms in northern Sweden. Both stationary and personal samples were taken. A total of 70 VOCs were identified from the(More)
Growth of different microorganisms is often related to dampness in buildings. Both fungi and bacteria produce complicated mixtures of volatile organic compounds that include hydrocarbons, alcohols, ketones, sulfur- and nitrogen-containing compounds etc. Microbially produced substances are one possible explanation of odour problems and negative health(More)
The paper discusses a method developed for determining airborne fungi particles in environments highly contaminated with mold fungi. The collection of airborne fungi was performed with two slit samplers. These sampling devices were found to give the highest values out of the three different types tested simultaneously. After spores had been collected with(More)
OBJECTIVES An interlaboratory comparison of fluorescence microscopic counting of micro-organisms was carried out to assess counting errors in the measurement of micro-organisms in bioaerosols generated during handling of municipal waste. METHODS Series of 27 replicate samples were collected in the work environment with a modified field exposure chamber.(More)