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To elucidate the putative neuroprotective effects of ghrelin in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-induced brain injury, Wistar albino rats (n = 54) were divided into sham-operated control, saline-treated SAH, and ghrelin-treated (10 microg/kg/d IP) SAH groups. The rats were injected with blood (0.3 mL) into the cisterna magna to induce SAH, and were sacrificed(More)
BACKGROUND Urinary tract infection (UTI) may cause inflammation of the renal parenchyma and may lead to impairment in renal function and scar formation. Oxidant injury and reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been found responsible in the pathogenesis of UTI. The neurohypophyseal hormone oxytocin (OT) facilitates wound healing and is involved in the(More)
Acrylamide (ACR), used in many fields from industrial manufacturing to laboratory personnel work is also formed during the heating process through interactions of amino acids. Therefore ACR poses a significant risk to human health. This study aimed to elucidate whether resveratrol (RVT) treatment could modulate ACR-induced oxidative DNA damage and oxidative(More)
Mechanisms of burn-induced skin and remote organ injury involve oxidant generation and the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In this study the possible antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of ghrelin were evaluated in a rat model of thermal trauma. Wistar albino rats were exposed to 90 degrees C bath for 10 s to induce thermal trauma. Ghrelin, was(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress are implicated in hepatic stellate cell activation and liver fibrosis, which are initiated by recruitment of inflammatory cells and by activation of cytokines. OBJECTIVE The possible anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of ghrelin were evaluated in a hepatic fibrosis model in rats with bile(More)
AIM Oxytocin was previously shown to have anti-inflammatory effects in different inflammation models. The major objective of the present study was to evaluate the protective role of oxytocin (OT) in protecting the kidney against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male Wistar albino rats (250-300 g) were unilaterally nephrectomized,(More)
The neuroprotective effect of alpha lipoic acid (ALA; 100 mg/kg, po), a dithiol antioxidant, on experimentally induced subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was assessed in Wistar albino rats. Neurological examination scores recorded at the 48th h of SAH induction were increased in SAH groups, which were accompanied with significant increases in the formation of(More)
BACKGROUND There is substantial evidence to suggest that oxidative stress plays a significant role in the development of acute brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). OBJECTIVE To investigate the putative neuroprotective effect of nesfatin-1, a novel peptide with anorexigenic properties, in a rat model of SAH. METHODS Male Wistar albino rats(More)
UNLABELLED Oxytocin (OT), a nonapeptide produced in the paraventricular and the supraoptical nuclei in the hypothalamus has a wide range of effects in the body. However, the role of OT on the gastrointestinal (GI) tract has to be settled. OT may participate in the regulation of motility, secretion, blood flow, cell turnover and release of neurotransmitters(More)
It has been previously shown that acetylcholine (ACh) may affect pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The role of the cholinergic system in radiation-induced inflammatory responses and tissue damage remains unclear. Therefore, the present study was designed to determine the radio-protective properties of the cholinergic system in the ileum and(More)