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SR 141716, a selective central CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonist, markedly and selectively reduces sucrose feeding and drinking as well as neuropeptide Y-induced sucrose drinking in rats. SR 141716 also decreases ethanol consumption in C57BL/6 mice. In contrast, blockade of CB1 receptors only marginally affects regular chow intake or water drinking. The(More)
Social short-term memory in rodents is based on the recognition of a juvenile by an adult conspecific when the juvenile is presented on two successive occasions. Cannabimimetics are claimed to induce memory deficits in both humans and animals. In the brain, they mainly bind to CB1 receptors for which anandamide is a purported endogenous ligand. SR 141716, a(More)
It has been reported previously that delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol and the synthetic cannabinoid agonist HU-210 [(--)-11-OH-delta 8-dimethylheptyl tetrahydrocannabinol] prevent long-term potentiation (LTP) induction in rat hippocampal slices. In this study we confirm that both WIN55212-2 ¿R-(+)-(2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[¿4-morpholinyl¿ methyl] pyrol(More)
A new potent, selective and p.o. active serotonergic [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT2)] receptor antagonist, SR 46349B [trans, 4-([3Z)3-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)oxyimino-3(2-flurophenyl++ +)propen-1-yl]phenol hemifumarate) has been characterized by a series of "in vitro" and "in vivo" methods. Based upon binding studies with 5-HT2 receptors in rat brain cortical(More)
Repeated exposure to stress is known to induce structural remodelling and reduction of neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus. Corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) and vasopressin (AVP) are key regulators of the stress response via activation of CRF(1) and V(1b) receptors, respectively. The blockade of these receptors has been proposed as an innovative approach(More)
SR 141716A belongs to a new class of compounds (diarylpyrazole) that inhibits brain cannabinoid receptors (CB1) in vitro and in vivo. The present study showed that [3H]-SR 141716A binds with high affinity (Kd=0.61 +/- 0.06 nM) to a homogenous population of binding sites (Bmax=0.72 +/- 0.05 pmol/mg of protein) in rate whole brain (minus cerebellum)(More)
The involvement of vasopressin (AVP) in several pathological states has been reported recently and the selective blockade of the different AVP receptors could offer new clinical perspectives. During the past few years, various selective, orally active AVP V1a (OPC-21268, SR49059 (Relcovaptan)), V2 (OPC-31260, OPC-41061 (Tolvaptan), VPA-985 (Lixivaptan),(More)
The characterization of the first selective orally active and brain-penetrant beta3-adrenoceptor agonist, SR58611A (amibegron), has opened new possibilities for exploring the involvement of this receptor in stress-related disorders. By using a battery of tests measuring a wide range of anxiety-related behaviors in rodents, including the mouse defense test(More)
Three subtypes of neurotensin receptor have been described, two members of the heptahelical transmembrane domain G protein-coupled receptor superfamily NT-1R and NT-2R, and NT-3R unrelated to this family. We have generated NT-1R deficient (NT-1R(-/-)) mice. NT-1R(-/-) mice were born at the expected Mendelian frequency without obvious abnormalities and they(More)
The regulation of dopaminergic and cholinergic function by neurokinin-3 (NK3) receptor activation was examined in vivo in urethane-anaesthetized guinea pigs with microdialysis probes. The local application of the NK3 tachykinin receptor agonist senktide in the region of dopamine cell bodies (pars compacta of the substantia nigra and ventral tegmental area)(More)