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Thyroid hormones (TH) are pleiotropic factors important for many developmental and physiological functions in vertebrates and particularly in amphibian metamorphosis. Their effects are mediated by two specific receptors (TRalpha and TRbeta), which are ligand-dependent transcription factors, members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. Besides their(More)
Rev-erbalpha is a ubiquitously expressed orphan nuclear receptor which functions as a constitutive transcriptional repressor and is expressed in vertebrates according to a robust circadian rhythm. We report here that two Rev-erbalpha mRNA isoforms, namely Rev-erbalpha1 and Rev-erbalpha 2, are generated through alternative promoter usage and that both show a(More)
Genes under a 24-h regulation period may represent drug targets relevant to diseases involving circadian dysfunctions. As a testing model of the circadian clock system, we have used synchronized rat fibroblasts that are known to express at least six genes in a circadian fashion. We have determined the expression patterns of 9957 transcripts every 4 h over a(More)
Circadian gene expression has been demonstrated in many tissues and involves both positive and negative regulatory loops. The potential interferences of circadian rhythmicity with other well-known biologic rhythms, such as the ovarian cycle, at least in part controlled by estrogens, has not been questioned. The estrogen receptor-related receptor (ERR)alpha(More)
Adiponectin is an adipocytokine that plays important roles in glucose and lipid homeostasis. Adiponectin binds to two types of transmembrane receptors: Adiponectin receptor (AdipoR) type 1 and 2. We isolated and characterized the two adiponectin genes (adiponectin A and B) and the three adiponectin receptors in zebrafish. In adult, adiponectin A is only(More)
The human unr gene encodes an 85 kDa protein which contains five cold shock domains (CSD). The capacity of Unr to interact in vitro with RNA and its intracellular localization suggest that Unr could be involved in some aspect of cytoplasmic mRNA metabolism. As a step towards identification of Unr mRNA targets, we investigated the RNA-binding specificity of(More)
Central and peripheral mechanisms modulate food intake and energy balance in mammals and the precise role of the type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1) in these processes is still being explored. Using the zebrafish, Danio rerio, we show that rimonabant, a CB1-specific antagonist with an EC(50) of 5.15 × 10(-8) m, decreases embryonic yolk sac reserve use. We(More)
The ras proteins (Harvey, Kirsten and N-ras) are key regulators of signal transduction and a perturbation of their GDP/GTP cycle is frequently observed in tumors. In mammals, N-ras constitutes with unr (upstream of N-ras) a tightly linked tandem of ubiquitously expressed genes. Although unr and N-ras appear to be involved in distinct functions, this unusual(More)
The unr gene was identified as a transcription unit located immediately upstream of N-ras in the genome of several mammalian species. While this genetic organization could be important for the transcriptional regulation of unr and N-ras, the function of the protein product of unr is unknown. unr is ubiquitously expressed and codes for an 85 kDa protein(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor Rev-erbalpha (NR1D1) plays an important role in the regulation of the circadian pacemaker and its expression has been shown to be regulated with a robust circadian rhythm in zebrafish and mammals. In addition, in zebrafish its expression has been shown to be developmentally regulated. In order to analyze the mechanisms of the(More)