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The hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis is involved throughout the exercise-recovery cycle. Nevertheless, differences in hormone responses during early recovery between sedentary and endurance trained subjects are not well known. The aim of this preliminary study was to monitor plasma cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) concentrations both during(More)
In this study, we examined the effect of creatine ingestion on muscle power output, muscle phosphocreatine resynthesis, inorganic phosphate and pH during repeated brief bouts of maximal exercise. Nine healthy males performed maximal plantar flexion before and after creatine ingestion (20 g x day(-1) for 6 days). The experimental protocol consisted of five 8(More)
To determine the effect of strenuous prolonged exercise on alveolo-capillary membrane diffusing capacity, 11 marathon runners aged 37 +/- 7 years (mean +/- SD) were studied before and during early recovery (28 +/- 14 min) from a marathon race. Lung capillary blood volume (Vc) and the alveolo-capillary diffusing capacity (Dm) were determined in a one-step(More)
We investigated interactions between cardiac output, VA/Q distribution pattern, pulmonary gas exchange, O2 transport, and tissue oxygenation in 16 patients during the acute phase of pulmonary embolism (PE). The effects of breathing room air, O2 therapy (FIO2 = 0.40) (11 patients), and dobutamine (four patients) were studied after right catheterization using(More)
OBJECTIVE Leptin concentrations in humans are known to decrease in response to fasting. The aim of this work was to investigate whether leptin levels might also be modified by exercise-induced negative energy balance. SUBJECTS Eight male runners reported in the morning from 0800 to 1200 h for (i) one resting session (sitting) and (ii) one(More)
The postexercise alteration in pulmonary gas exchange in high-aerobically trained subjects depends on both the intensity and the duration of exercise (G. Manier, J. Moinard, and H. Stoïcheff. J. Appl. Physiol. 75: 2580-2585, 1993; G. Manier, J. Moinard, P. Techoueyres, N. Varène, and H. Guénard. Respir. Physiol. 83: 143-154, 1991). In a recent study that(More)
In men, the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis controls the secretion of testosterone which, in this sex, is a major anabolic hormone. Physical exercise modulates testosterone concentration, affecting the whole axis by poorly understood mechanisms. We have reported in this preliminary study the short and long-term effects of exercise on the function of(More)
The determinants of hypoxemia were studied in 10 patients with acute pulmonary embolism demonstrated by pulmonary angiography. Two patients were mechanically ventilated, and in the 8 who breathed room air spontaneously, the mean arterial PO2 was 61.5 mmHg. Measurements of the distributions of ventilation (VA) and perfusion (Q) against VA/Q ratios by the(More)
Several outbreaks of fatal opportunistic infections and tumors have recently been reported among homosexual men in the United States. Almost all patients had evidence of cellular immunodeficiency. We have studied a French homosexual man with fatal central nervous system toxoplasmosis. Morphological features (light and electron microscopy) of toxoplasma(More)
To determine the effect of maximal exercise on alveolocapillary membrane diffusing capacity (Dm), 12 professional handball players aged 23.4 +/- 3.3 (SD) yr were studied before and during early recovery from a progressive maximal exercise [immediately (t0), 15 min, and 30 min (t30) after exercise]. Lung capillary blood volume and Dm were determined in a(More)