Gérard Lescoat

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A retrospective study of 127 patients with untreated homozygous genetic hemochromatosis (HGH) was conducted to evaluate the respective roles of iron overload and non-iron-related factors in the development of hepatic fibrosis in HGH. Twenty-seven percent of the patients had cirrhosis, 21% had liver fibrosis and 52% had no fibrosis (prefibrotic group). The(More)
We investigated the effects of a new iron chelator, O-Trensox (TRX), compared with desferrioxamine (DFO), on proliferation and apoptosis in cultures of the human hepatoblastoma HepG2 and hepatocarcinoma HBG cell lines. Our results show that TRX decreased DNA synthesis in a time- and dose-dependent manner and with a higher efficiency than DFO. Mitotic index(More)
In 60-day old intact male rats, stress imposed by a strange environment increased the levels of plasma LH and testosterone. Adrenalectomy, performed at 50 days of age, decreased plasma level of testosterone in basal conditions. However, without affecting the plasma level of LH significantly, stress increased plasma testosterone, albeit to a lesser extent,(More)
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) has been described as suitable for the evaluation of low molecular weight (LMW) iron in liver homogenates after chelation by desferrioxamine. LMW iron is a highly toxic iron species incriminated in free radical production. The first aim of the study was to evaluate the conditions of EPR application for LMW iron content(More)
OBJECTIVE Iron loading has been observed to have a hyperproliferative effect on hepatocytes in vitro and on tumour cells in vivo; removal of this iron being required to induce antitumour activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS Antiproliferative effects of orally active tridentate iron chelator ICL670 (deferasirox) and bidentate iron chelator CP20 (deferiprone),(More)
Toxicity of bgugaine, a pyrrolidine alkaloid extracted from the tubers of Arisarum vulgare, was studied in three different liver cell culture models: (1) the rat hepatocyte primary culture; (2) a liver epithelial cell line; and (3) the human hepatoblastoma cell line HepG2. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by LDH release, MTT reduction and MDA production. DNA(More)
HFE hemochromatosis is the most frequent genetic iron overload disease. It is linked to the C282Y mutation of the HFE protein, protein encoded by the HFE gene, which is located on chromosome 6. The mechanisms accounting for iron excess are not only digestive hyperabsorption of iron but also excessive recycling of macrophagic iron coming from(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It is well documented that levels of plasma non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI), a particularly toxic form of iron, are increased in iron overload disorders. In light of the pathogenetic importance of NTBI in chronic iron overload, we have studied the ability of new orally active iron chelators to promote the biliary excretion of iron(More)
The cytoprotective effect of three flavonoids, catechin, quercetin and diosmetin, was investigated on iron-loaded hepatocyte cultures, considering two parameters: the prevention of iron-increased lipid peroxidation and the inhibition of intracellular enzyme release. These two criteria of cytoprotection allowed the calculation of mean inhibitory(More)
In order to determine if iron was able to stimulate specifically ferritin synthesis and secretion in transformed human hepatocytes in culture, human hepatoma cell (HepG2) cultures were submitted to increasing doses of ferric nitrilotriacetate. Iron uptake by the cells was demonstrated by incorporation of 59 Fe and the staining method of Perls. The following(More)