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We tested a new synthetic, 8-hydroxyquinoline-based, hexadentate iron chelator, O-Trensox and compared it with desferrioxamine B (DFO). Iron mobilisation was evaluated: (i) in vitro by using ferritin and haemosiderin; DFO mobilised iron much more rapidly from ferritin at pH 7.4 than did O-Trensox, whereas at pH 4, ferritin and haemosiderin iron mobilisation(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It is well documented that levels of plasma non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI), a particularly toxic form of iron, are increased in iron overload disorders. In light of the pathogenetic importance of NTBI in chronic iron overload, we have studied the ability of new orally active iron chelators to promote the biliary excretion of iron(More)
Four new hexadendate chelators, three hydroxyquinoline-based, Csox, O-Trensox, Cox750, and one catecholate-based CacCam-which have comparable skeletal structures and pFe, but widely different partition coefficients, (Kpart), 0.01, 0.02, 1 and 3.2 respectively, have been tested for their iron chelating efficacy in vitro by two methods. First, by their(More)
The cytoprotective effect of three flavonoids, catechin, quercetin and diosmetin, was investigated on iron-loaded hepatocyte cultures, considering two parameters: the prevention of iron-increased lipid peroxidation and the inhibition of intracellular enzyme release. These two criteria of cytoprotection allowed the calculation of mean inhibitory(More)
A retrospective study of 127 patients with untreated homozygous genetic hemochromatosis (HGH) was conducted to evaluate the respective roles of iron overload and non-iron-related factors in the development of hepatic fibrosis in HGH. Twenty-seven percent of the patients had cirrhosis, 21% had liver fibrosis and 52% had no fibrosis (prefibrotic group). The(More)
The effects were studied of adrenalectomy performed at 25 days of age on the maturation of LH function and the testes during puberty (i.e. 30-50 days of age) in the male rat. In intact rats the plasma LH level increased and then decreased and the plasma testosterone level increased progressively. In adrenalectomized rats the plasma levels of LH and(More)
Serum ferritin increases in chronic alcoholism, without clear explanation. We have previously shown that alcohol increases ferritin levels in a human hepatoblastoma cell line (HepG2). The aims of the present work were: 1) To extend our results in normal rat hepatocyte cultures, and 2) To determine the mechanism by which alcohol enhances ferritin levels. In(More)
The present study analyzes the iron mobilization, the cytoprotective, and the antiproliferative effects of the lipophilic hydroxypyridinone CP411, in comparison with the hydrophilic chelator CP20 or deferiprone used in the treatment of iron overload. Primary rat hepatocyte cultures and the rat hepatoma cell line Fao were used. Chelator cell uptake was(More)