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A retrospective study of 127 patients with untreated homozygous genetic hemochromatosis (HGH) was conducted to evaluate the respective roles of iron overload and non-iron-related factors in the development of hepatic fibrosis in HGH. Twenty-seven percent of the patients had cirrhosis, 21% had liver fibrosis and 52% had no fibrosis (prefibrotic group). The(More)
We investigated the effects of a new iron chelator, O-Trensox (TRX), compared with desferrioxamine (DFO), on proliferation and apoptosis in cultures of the human hepatoblastoma HepG2 and hepatocarcinoma HBG cell lines. Our results show that TRX decreased DNA synthesis in a time- and dose-dependent manner and with a higher efficiency than DFO. Mitotic index(More)
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) has been described as suitable for the evaluation of low molecular weight (LMW) iron in liver homogenates after chelation by desferrioxamine. LMW iron is a highly toxic iron species incriminated in free radical production. The first aim of the study was to evaluate the conditions of EPR application for LMW iron content(More)
OBJECTIVE Iron loading has been observed to have a hyperproliferative effect on hepatocytes in vitro and on tumour cells in vivo; removal of this iron being required to induce antitumour activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS Antiproliferative effects of orally active tridentate iron chelator ICL670 (deferasirox) and bidentate iron chelator CP20 (deferiprone),(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It is well documented that levels of plasma non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI), a particularly toxic form of iron, are increased in iron overload disorders. In light of the pathogenetic importance of NTBI in chronic iron overload, we have studied the ability of new orally active iron chelators to promote the biliary excretion of iron(More)
The cytoprotective effect of three flavonoids, catechin, quercetin and diosmetin, was investigated on iron-loaded hepatocyte cultures, considering two parameters: the prevention of iron-increased lipid peroxidation and the inhibition of intracellular enzyme release. These two criteria of cytoprotection allowed the calculation of mean inhibitory(More)
Iron supplementation of adult rat hepatocyte culture induced a cytotoxic effect as shown by an increase of lipid peroxidation. The antioxidant activity of some natural phenolic compounds from olive oil (caffeic acid, oleuropein, tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol) has been investigated on this iron-loaded hepatocyte culture model. These compounds greatly reduced(More)
The present study analyzes the iron mobilization, the cytoprotective, and the antiproliferative effects of the lipophilic hydroxypyridinone CP411, in comparison with the hydrophilic chelator CP20 or deferiprone used in the treatment of iron overload. Primary rat hepatocyte cultures and the rat hepatoma cell line Fao were used. Chelator cell uptake was(More)
The protective effect on iron-supplemented hepatocyte cultures of three iron chelators, pyoverdin Pa and hydroxypyrid-4-one derivatives CP20 and CP22, was compared to that of the widely known desferrioxamine B (Desferal:DFO), on the basis of two criteria: (a) their effectiveness in inhibiting free malondialdehyde (MDA) production as an index of iron-induced(More)