Gérard Keith

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Eukaryotic cells contain several unconventional poly(A) polymerases in addition to the canonical enzymes responsible for the synthesis of poly(A) tails of nuclear messenger RNA precursors. The yeast protein Trf4p has been implicated in a quality control pathway that leads to the polyadenylation and subsequent exosome-mediated degradation of hypomethylated(More)
Rabies cDNA clones, obtained by "walking along the genome" using two successive DNA primers, have allowed the sequence determination of the genes encoding the N, M1, M2, G, and the beginning of the L protein as well as the rabies intergenic regions. Start and stop transcription signals located at the border of each gene encoding a protein have been(More)
We have now completed the rabies genome structure by the cloning and the sequencing of the entire L gene and the 5' untranscribed region. The L gene encodes a single open reading frame 2142 amino acids in length (244,206 Da) that corresponds to the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. In contrast with other isofunctional proteins, the rabies polymerase(More)
Reverse transcription of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) genomic RNA is primed by tRNA(3Lys), whose 3' end 18 nucleotides are complementary to the viral primer binding site (PBS). We used chemical and enzymatic probes to test the conformation of the viral RNA and tRNA(3Lys), in their free form and in the HIV-1 RNA/tRNA(3Lys) binary complex.(More)
In all retroviruses, reverse transcription is primed by a tRNA whose 3' end 18 nucleotides are complementary to the so called viral primer binding site. Previous work showed that reverse transcription of HIV-1 RNA is initiated by tRNA(3Lys). Using a variety of chemical and enzymatic structural probes, we investigated the interactions between HIV-1 RNA and(More)
We used transgenic mice carrying the lacI reporter gene to study the mutagenesis potential of asbestos crocidolite. The animals were exposed by nose-only inhalation to an aerosol containing 5.75 mg/m(3) crocidolite dust for 6 hr/day and 5 consecutive days. After 1, 4, and 12 weeks, we examined four end points: the cytology of bronchoalveolar lavage, the(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the 3'region of the rabies genome (PV strain). This work is a first step in a project aimed at establishing the complete primary structure. From the 3'nucleotide sequence of the RNA genome, an octadecanucleotide complementary to the 3'extremity was constructed and used to prime cDNA synthesis. Two overlapping(More)
From in vitro translation studies we have previously demonstrated the existence of an apparent efficient UAG (amber) suppressor tRNA in the dimorphic fungus Candida albicans (Santos et al., 1990). Using an in vitro assay for termination codon readthrough the tRNA responsible was purified to homogeneity from C.albicans cells. The determined sequence of the(More)
The 'in vivo' decoding properties of four tRNAHis isoacceptors, two from Drosophila melanogaster and two from brewer's yeast, were studied after their microinjection, along with turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) coat protein mRNA, into Xenopus laevis oocytes. The two Drosophila isoacceptors are identical besides containing either a guanosine (G) or the(More)
Retroviruses, including HIV-1 and the distantly related yeast retroelement Ty3, all encode a nucleoprotein required for virion structure and replication. During an in vitro comparison of HIV-1 and Ty3 nucleoprotein function in RNA dimerization and cDNA synthesis, we discovered a bipartite primer-binding site (PBS) for Ty3 composed of sequences located at(More)