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The basidiomycete Marasmius quercophilus is commonly found during autumn on the decaying litter of the evergreen oak (Quercus ilex L.), a plant characteristic of Mediterranean forest. This white-rot fungus colonizes the leaf surface with rhizomorphs, causing a total bleaching of the leaf. In synthetic liquid media, this white-rot fungus has strong laccase(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae was cultivated in a controlled aerated, dual-stage (column), continuous flow bioreactor in a hybrid free-cell and immobilized-cell state. The yeast cells maintained an ethanol concentration of 58-64 and 91-98 g/L in stages I and II, respectively. The lipid composition of the cells cultivated under these conditions was correlated to(More)
Marasmius quercophilus is a white-rot fungus involved in carbon recycling in Mediterranean ecosystems because of its laccase production. Here we described the effect of metal ions and halide salts, on laccase activity in order to point out the action of such environmental pollutants on this enzyme of major importance. Furthermore we tested organic solvent(More)
The (R)-selective chemoenzymatic dynamic kinetic resolution of primary amines was performed at 38-40 °C in MTBE, in good to high yields and with high enantiomeric excesses. These reactions associating CAL-B to octanethiol as radical racemizing agent were carried out in the presence of methyl β-methoxy propanoate as acyl donor, under photochemical(More)
A process for l-phenylalanine production was studied using a tyrosine auxotrophic regulatory mutant of Escherichia coli, resistant to both β-2-thienyl-dl-alanine and p-fluoro-dl-phenylalanine. Fermentations were carried out in a 30-1 fermentor with intermittent feeding of glucose plus phosphate. The mutant accumulated l-phenylalanine in the fermentation(More)
Two isozymes of laccase were obtained from an induced liquid culture of Marasmius quercophilus with p-hydroxybenzoic acid as the inducer. Both the constitutive and the induced isozyme have a molecular mass of 60 kDa as determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Using isoelectric focusing, we found three isozymes with the constitutive enzyme (pI 4,(More)
Cephalosporium acremonium was cultivated in fermentation medium containing sucrose or methyl oleate as a carbon source for cephalosporin C production. The level of antibiotic production was 48 g of cephalosporin C per liter under optimum conditions when methyl oleate was used. The C(18:1) (oleic acid) methyl ester appeared to be utilized faster than the(More)
Nematode yield is a decisive factor for successful large-scale commercial production of entomopathogenic nematode. Various carbon sources were tested in in-vitro liquid culture to improve the yield of the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. Canola oil was the optimal carbon source for nematode culture compared to carbohydrates when(More)
A new isoform of laccase from Marasmius quercophilus is described in this study. The strain of this white-rot fungus was isolated for the first time on a cork oak litter. This isoform exhibited certain common properties of laccases (a molecular weight of 65 Kda, an optimum pH of 6.2 with syringaldazine). But this laccase has also particularly novel(More)
The racemization of nonactivated aliphatic amines has been mediated with alkanethiols and with methyl thioglycolate in the presence of AIBN. The process involves reversible H-abstraction at the chiral center, in a position alpha relative to nitrogen, by thiyl radical. The knowledge of the reaction enthalpy is critical to select the appropriate thiol. In the(More)