Gérard Charbonneau

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An accurate recording system was set up and used for analyzing normal and asthmatic breath-sound features. Breath sounds are recorded at the trachea simultaneously with the airflow signal at 0.5- and 1-1/s levels. The study was carried out in the frequency domain using a fast-fourier transform (FFT). FFTs are taken on 1,024-sample blocks (one block = 200(More)
We simultaneously recorded tracheal sound and air flow from nine normal subjects (seven males and two females). Sound was picked up at the supra sternal notch with an air-coupled sensitive microphone held in a small airtight probe. Flow was measured at the mouth using a pneumotachograph Fleisch n degrees 2. Both sound and flow were directly digitized at a(More)
We recorded the lung sound and flow rate from six normal subjects (3 male and 3 female). Sound was picked up at the trachea with a sensitive microphone held in a small probe. Flow rate was measured at the mouth using a Fleisch No. 3 pneumotachograph. Subjects were made to breath for 15 s, with an increasing peak flow rate starting from apnoea to around 2(More)
Wheezes are continuous adventitious lung sounds. The American Thoracic Society Committee on pulmonary nomenclature define wheezes as high-pitched continuous sounds with a dominant frequency of 400 Hz or more. Rhonchi are characterized as low-pitched continuous sounds with a dominant frequency of about 200 Hz or less. The large variability in the predominant(More)
RECORDING THE SIGNAL We describe a method based on the acoustical analysis of breath sound for helping the diagnosis of lung diseases. The signal is recorded at the trachea simultaneously with the flow rate at several values of this one. The signal is digitized at the rate of 5120 Hz, FFTs are taken on 1O24 saiple blocks over a duration of about 30 seconds.(More)
We measured the frequency response of eight stethoscope membranes and of thirteen types of stethoscopes. Measurements were made in an anechoic chamber calculating the ratio between the intensity of a sinusoidal sound coming from a loud speaker and the intensity of the transmitted sound through the membrane of the stethoscope. Small membranes have a(More)
The flow rate curve takes different shapes during forced expirations performed by normal subjects. In some cases a wheeze may exist. In this study, we examine the conditions for appearance of a wheeze, before and after the peak flow, and the relationship between the wheeze and the shape of the flow rate curve. We analyzed ten parameters in 83 forced(More)
We define here tonal melodies and spectral melodies: For sounds containing only octaves, the former correspond to fundamental frequency variations and the latter to spectral envelope variations. In this paper we give statistical results of judgements showing that tonal melodies are better perceived by the right ear. Conversely the left ear is more able to(More)