Gérard Bordmann

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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) induced by Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) infection was suggested to play an important role in the development of cerebral malaria (CM). We asked whether TNF-alpha/beta double-deficient mice, which have a complete disruption of the TNF-signaling pathways, are protected from CM and what might be the possible mechanisms of(More)
The dynamics of malaria transmission was studied comparatively in the villages of Zatta and Tiemelekro, central Cote d'Ivoire, from February 2002 to August 2003. Prominent agroecosystems in these villages are irrigated rice growing and vegetable farming, respectively. Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) were collected on human bait at night and by pyrethrum(More)
Infection with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) causes fatal cerebral malaria (CM). While a pathogenic role for tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has been established, we asked whether a disruption of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) signaling would modulate CM. We demonstrate here that IFN-gammaR-deficient mice are completely protected from CM. PbA-induced release of(More)
Interferon-gamma receptor (IFN-gamma R) deficient mice parasitized with blood-stage Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi were used to assess the anti-malarial activity of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). There was no significant difference in the parasitaemia between the two types of mice during the first peak of parasitaemia. However, IFN-gamma R deficient mice(More)
Field studies of malaria in endemic areas frequently use the presence or levels of parasitaemia, together with the measurement of fever, as the primary criteria with which to identify cases. However, since malaria cases do not always present with measurable fever, and since asymptomatic parasitaemia occurs, additional episode markers might be useful(More)
Poverty reduction policies guide development strategies. In economies that depend heavily on agriculture, in the face of rapid population growth, innovative approaches are required to satisfy food needs, increase household welfare and alleviate poverty. Irrigated agriculture is an important strategy to enhance crop production, but it must be well tailored(More)
It has been suggested that phospholipids and antibodies directed against phospholipids are important in the pathology of malaria. We have investigated the influence of immunizations with phospholipids on the course of subsequent blood-stage Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi infections in ICR inbred mice. We observed a significant reduction in the parasitaemia(More)
We report 3 cases of fascioliasis imported to Norway: a 24-y-old male Vietnamese immigrant and a 51-y-old female Vietnamese immigrant with acute fascioliasis, and a 2-y-old male Ethiopian adoptee with chronic fascioliasis. Diagnosis was confirmed by detection of specific antibodies to Fasciola hepatica in the 2 first cases and by demonstration of Fasciola(More)
The genetic control of the collaboration between Xenopus T and B cells has been analyzed in vivo using cells from five strains of major histocompatibility complex-defined Xenopus. When carrier (fowl gamma-globulin)-primed T cells and hapten (dinitrophenylated keyhole limpet hemocyanin)-primed B cells differed by minor histocompatibility antigens or by only(More)
We have investigated the correlation between results obtained by three different methods (semi-quantitative RT-PCR, ELISA and ELISPOT) used to measure cytokine expression by mouse leukocytes. The production of the cytokines tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha), interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) and interleukin-4 (IL-4), was analysed with all three methods.(More)