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The aim of this study was to validate prospectively a model of cisplatin dose adjustment. 27 patients (63 courses) with lung cancer were treated by a 5 day continuous infusion of cisplatin and etoposide. The dose of cisplatin was adjusted in order to reach a target plasma concentration of total platinum (TP) of 2000 mu/l at the end of the infusion. The(More)
BACKGROUND Airway epithelium integrity is essential to maintain its role of mechanical and functional barrier. Recurrent epithelial injuries require a complex mechanism of repair to restore its integrity. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an abnormal airway epithelial repair may participate in airway remodeling. The objective was to determine(More)
Cisplatin toxicity could be decreased by adjusting its dosage to each patient. For this purpose, a limited sampling method was established and validated based on a Bayesian approach taken using the values of assays during a 5-day continuous infusion of cisplatin. Using this method, a dosing model to achieve a target plasma concentration of total platinum(More)
Our aim was to investigate the relationship between suspected occupational hazards and airflow obstruction in industrial workers. The study was a cross-sectional survey of 314 male workers from a chalkpowder plant (n = 158) and from a sugar refinery (n = 156). Occupational exposure to chalkpowder and sugar dust was assessed by individual job classification.(More)
CA-125, a serum marker of epithelial ovarian cancer, was studied by a radioimmunometric method: the sensitivity and specificity of the assay was studied in 260 patients with non ovarian carcinomas and 120 patients with non malignant diseases. The ideal threshold value has been discussed. Levels higher than 20 UI/ml (cut-off value) have been found in 53% of(More)
7204 Background: PBC has a guarded prognosis despite advances in treatment. The main epidemiologic changes observed during the last fifteen years are the strong progression in its incidence in women and the increase in adenocarcinomas. A prospective study of overall survival and survival according to sex and prognosis factors was set up from the cohort of(More)
The pharmacokinetics of fluorouracil (5FU) were studied in two groups of patients, the administration of 105 i.v. as daily bolus (x5) or 5-day continuous infusions. The 5FU pharmacokinetics were extremely variable from day to day, i.e. from one bolus to the next or during the continuous infusion, especially in some patients. The variations were lower for(More)
CA-50 (Kit IRMA Stena Diagnostic, cut-off value: 16 U/ml) and CA-19.9 (Kit SPAC Mallinckrodt were compared in a prospective study including 323 cancer patients (56% metastatic) and 120 patients with non neoplastic disease. The CA-50 and CA-19.9 sensitivities were 41.8% and 39% respectively; the CA-50 sensitivity was greater in the cancers of the(More)